Integrated Slums Development Programme (ISDP)
CITY PROFILE and SELECTION OF WARDS
CITY PROFILE OF FAISALABAD
ESTABLISHMENT AND GROWTH OF FAISALABAD
Faisalabad previously known as Lyallpur was established between 1895 and 1905 as a mandi or market town as a part programme of colonization of the West Punjab. It was named after Sir James Lyall, the then Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab. The town was laid out by Captain Pepham Young in the form of a square on an area of 45 hectares with room for extension on the northwest and southwest. The roads radiating from the center, which had a Clock Tower, resembled the Union Jack. Industry came to the town during the 1930's with the Lyallpur Cotton Mills (completed in 1934) being the first major unit followed by three other units during the same decade. After Independence in 1947 the town grew rapidly, initially due to the influx of Muslim refugees from India and later due to government policies that promoted industrialization and green revolution technologies. Today Faisalabad has become a sprawling, very rapidly expanding city characterized by large un-serviced and under-serviced areas (slums and katchi abadis) where the vast majority of the population resides in poor living conditions. The planned and well laid out low-density areas provide housing for the government officials and staff and the city entrepreneurs. The total Faisalabad Municipal Corporation area is 12, 065 hectares.
The increase in the population of Faisalabad from 1901 to the 1998 census is given in the table-1 below:
TABLE –1: POPULATION 1901-1991
Y e a r
Increase Over Last Census Figure
Percentage Growth over Last Census Figure
Growth Rate Percent
Source: Government of Pakistan Census Reports
Reasons For Growth
From 1901 to 1921
In these two decades the population of Faisalabad increased from 9,171 to 23,136. This increase was due to the establishment of the city and its administrative structure. In this period the flood plain was brought under cultivation and in 1910 the railway was established to link the town with Karachi port.
From 1921 to 1941
During 1921 - 1931 the increase in population was due to an increase of about 40 per cent in the production of wheat and almost 100 per cent in the production and export of cotton. Between 1931 and 1941 industries started to develop in Faisalabad and in this period three large cotton mills, including the Lyallpur Cotton Mills, which was completed in 1934, were set up. Labour for these mills was also imported from eastern Punjab thus increasing the settler population.
Between 1941 to 1961
In the period between 1941 and 1951 the population of Faisalabad increased by 155.7 per cent. The reason for this was an influx of refugees from India into the city. Camps for the incoming refugees were set up near the city centre and these eventually became permanent settlements. Almost all these settlements were on agricultural land. In addition to the refugee influx, anarchic conditions in the countryside, as a result of the partition of British India, forced many people into the city.
In the period from 1951 to 1961 the population again increased by 147.62 per cent. This was because of two reasons: one, Faisalabad was declared an industrial zone with a tax holiday as an incentive for investors. Because of this a large number of textile mills came into being. Two, green revolution technologies were introduced in the agricultural...
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