faience water fountain - rouen

Topics: Salisbury Cathedral, Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England, Cathedral Pages: 2 (590 words) Published: December 9, 2013

Fountain and cover - Faience
Rouen 1750

This faience wall fountain is from Rouen, a major pottery center in France since the 16th century and as acquired by the museum in 1887. The Rouen manufactory was an early French manufactory for faience and soft-paste porcelain. Faïence is the French translation of Faenza, the Italian town where the tin-glazed earthenware was largely developed. In the 16th century faience was used as an element of architectural decoration and in apothecary jars. Rouen faience has a thick and heavy composition made from local clays. Their decoration is highly skilled and detailed. The fountain is characterized by floral designs and a very soft palette. The wall fountain was likely used for drinking water, or perhaps for holy water. The Rouen porcelain manufactory closed in 1696 as Rouen porcelain was produced on a small scale and failed commercially but after the end of porcelain production, various faience products continued to be produced.

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As a response to deteriorating relations between the clergy and the military at Old Sarum, the decision was taken to resite the cathedral and the bishopric was moved to its present place in Salisbury.[3] The move occurred during the tenure of Bishop Richard Poore, who was a wealthy man and donated the new land for construction. The new cathedral was also paid for by donations, principally by all the canons and vicars of South East England, who were asked to contribute a fixed annual sum until its completion.[4] Legend has it that the Bishop of Old Sarum shot an arrow in the direction he would...
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