The geography of Egypt relates to two regions: North Africa
and Southwest Asia.
Egypt has coastlines on both the Mediterranean Sea and the
Red Sea. The country borders Libya to the west, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east, and Sudan to the south. Covering 1,001,449 km2, Egypt has a land area about the same as that of Texas and New Mexico combined, four times bigger than that of the United Kingdom, twice as big as that of France, and three times bigger than Germany. The longest straight-line distance in Egypt from north to south is 1,024 km, while that from east to west measures 1,240 km. More than 2,900 km of coastline on the Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Suez, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Red Sea constitute Egypt's maritime boundaries.
Located picture of Egypt
The valley of Giza contains four structures important to
Egyptian history: the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure. Giza also contains many smaller tombs and temples.
The pyramids of Giza weren't only built as monuments; they
were built as tombs for the pharaohs and their families. The pyramids were part of a larger complex that included temples, houses for priests, and barracks for workers. These massive monuments have lasted thousands of years as testaments to Egyptian history and culture.
Pyramids remain one of the world’s unexplained mysteries
although much more is now known about how they were built. Found in Mexico and Egypt, they leave a legacy of architecture and are not only a testament to the ancient civilization’s mathematical skills, they are a vital key to the past.
The ancient pyramids (tombs)
The great Sphinx
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the
Middle-East and second-largest in Africa after Lagos. Its metropolitan area is the 16th largest in the world. Located near the Nile Delta, it was founded in AD 969. Nicknamed "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a center of the region's political and cultural life. Cairo was founded by the Fatimid dynasty in the 10th century CE, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt as it is close to the ancient cities of Memphis, Giza and Fustat which are near the Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza.
With a population of 6.76 million spread over 453 square
kilometers, Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. With an additional 10 million inhabitants just outside the city, Cairo resides at the center of the largest metropolitan area in Africa and the Arab World as well as the tenth-largest urban area in the world. Cairo, like many other megacities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic. Cairo's metro, over 1 billion annual passengers ride.
The best time to visit Egypt is from October to May.
Though it is the peak travel season, when most travelers come, the temperatures are a lot better for those not used to the heat. Within these 8 months there are 2 periods of what are known as “High Season” (the Christmas/New Year period and the Easter Period) when hotels and cruises will put their prices up, though you will find that special events like Gala Dinners are also laid on for their customers. This can mean that some hotels become really expensive and so making your reservations very early, even for the budget hotels, is strongly advised. Throughout Egypt, days are commonly warm or hot, and
nights are cool. Egypt has only two seasons: a mild winter from November to April and a hot summer from May to October. The only differences between the seasons are variations in daytime temperatures and changes in prevailing winds. In the coastal regions, temperatures range between an average minimum of 14 C in winter and an average maximum of 30 C in summer.
Temperatures vary widely in the inland...
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