Factors of Infant Development
During the first year of life children’s brains form twice as many connections as adult brains do. The factors of infant development are quite numerous and complex. While the small things that infants do may seem insignificant, every movement and action is teaching them something about the world around them. The most prominent factors of child development are motivation, temperament, and attachment. These three factors are intertwined and without them infant development would not occur.
Motivation is used to explain why children, or even people in general, do what they do. Humans, from birth, have an inborn motive to explore, understand, and control their environment. (Bojczyk, Shriner & Shriner, 2012). This insight tells us a great deal about infants and motive behind their actions. This motivation is broken down even further into the specific means that infants use to express their motivation, sensorimotor. Piaget’s first developmental phase of sensorimotor says that infants learn through their five senses and through their increasing abilities to move about their environment. (Bojczyk, Shriner & Shriner, 2012). Infants especially are highly motivated to accomplish tasks that they set for themselves, such as getting toys that are out of reach. The motivation is the same for all infants. Temperament, however, varies quite a bit.
Temperament is the individual differences in reactivity and self-regulation. (Bojczyk, Shriner & Shriner, 2012). Each child has a unique temperament all their own. This temperament plays a big role in how the motivation is displayed. Temperament, like motivation, is set at birth and manifests itself in infancy. Though all children have different temperaments, there are usually three categories that temperaments fall under, easy-to-warm-up, slow-to-warm-up, and difficult. Easy-to-warm-up, also known as flexible, is characterized by regular body functions, adaptability, curiosity, and moderate-to-low...
References: Bojczyk, K. E., Shriner, B., & Shriner, M. (2012). Supporting children\ 's socialization: A developmental approach. Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
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