“Eyes on the Prize” Individual acts of courage inspire black Southerners to fight for their rights: Mose Wright testifies against the white men who murdered his young nephew Emmett Till. The men who murdered till was found not guilty because he was beaten so bad they could not prove it was Emmett. Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as the movement’s most eloquent leader. White citizens’ council – targeted black or white who supported desegregation. Segregation kept the whites going. The black leaders decided that the boycott might weaken if they did not respond to the violence. They filed suit in federal court claiming bus segregation was unconstitutional. White people retaliated by indicted almost 90 black leaders under old anti-boycott law. The tactic back-fired. Suddenly the national press was interested in the story. Montgomery blacks kept walking months after months. Some white people knew the system was wrong and they would try to help the blacks out. On November 13 the US Supreme Court broke the deadlock ruling unanimously that the Montgomery bus segregation was unconstitutional.
In 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. Parks, a NAACP activist and secretary in the Montgomery, Alabama chapter, boarded a segregated bus and, in defiance of the law, refused to give up her seat to a white man. Parks quiet protest sparked a citywide boycott of the bus system that lasted eleven months. The cops got on the bus and arrested Rosa Parks for not moving. Ed Nixon went to the police station to bail her out and told Rosa Parks, that with her permission that they could break down segregation on the bus with her case and he was convinced that he could do it. Ed Nixon and other organizers called for a bus boycott for a day. During that time, the young Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document