An extreme sport can be defined as a sport which has a high degree of risk or danger. These types of sports are attempted by trained athletes in controlled conditions. An extreme sports person would express fearless, adventurous, risky and reckless behaviour. This is because extreme sports athletes attempt dangerous sports and must be fearless and adventurous. There are many extreme sports. New sports are being added to the list continually because people are always finding new ways to put themselves in danger. Extreme sports can be participated in by an individual or in a group. Surfing and BASE jumping (BASE refers to the things participants can jump from: Buildings, Antenna, Span, and Earth) are examples of the types of sports that can be participated in by an individual. Some extreme sports such as group skydiving and paintballing require a group to participate. Extreme sports as skydiving and white water rafting can be attempted either as an individual or as a group. People participate in extreme sports for a variety of reasons.
Extreme sports people seem to have few biological differences from people who don’t participate in extreme sports. But as psychologists dig deeper into the human body, they have found that there are biological, cognitive, and developmental and personality differences that are not seen on the outside. These differences could hold the answer to the reason behind why people participate in such dangerous sports. The DRD4 gene (located on the 11th chromosome) which codes for the dopamine receptor D4 is linked to high levels of novelty seeking. Dr. Erik Monasterio, in an episode of “The Catalyst,” said that High novelty seekers tend to have low levels of dopamine...people undertake risky or novel type experiences in order to bring up their levels of dopamine. Dopamine is the neuro-chemical that makes you feel euphoric and is closely linked with adrenaline. It has also been seen that extreme sports people are relatively...
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