Expression Use in Letters

Topics: Writing, Season, Japanese language Pages: 3 (446 words) Published: February 25, 2013
Expressions Used in Letters
Seasonal Greetings in Japanese Letters
The difference between written language and conversational language in Japanese is much greater than in English. Japanese letters often use classical grammar patterns which are seldom used in conversation. Although there are no particular rules when writing to close friends, there are many set expressions and honorific expressions (keigo) used in formal letters. A conversational style is not usually used when writing formal letters. Opening and Closing Words

The opening and closing words in letters, which are similar to English's "Dear" and "Sincerely" etc., come in pairs. * Haikei (拝啓) - Keigu (敬具) 
The most common pair used in formal letters. Women sometimes use "Kashiko(かしこ)" as a closing word instead of "Keigu." * Zenryaku (前略) - Sousou (草々) 
This pair is less formal. It is usually used when you don't have time to write a long letter, so that the preliminary greetings are omitted. "Zenryaku" literally means, "omitting the preliminary remarks." Preliminary Greetings

Ogenki de irasshaimasu ka. (very formal) 
Have you been doing well?
Ogenki desu ka. 
Have you been doing well?
Ikaga osugoshi de irasshaimasu ka. (very formal) 
How have you been?
Ikaga osugoshi desu ka. 
How have you been?
Okagesama de genki ni shite orimasu. (very formal) 
Fortunately I'm doing well.
Kazoku ichidou genki ni shite orimasu. 
The whole family is doing well.
Otegami arigatou gozaimashita. 
Thank you for your letter.
Nagai aida gobusata shite orimashite moushiwake gozaimasen. (very formal)  長い間ご無沙汰しておりまして申し訳ございません。  I apologize for neglecting to write for such a long time.
Gobusata shite orimasu. 
I'm sorry I haven't written for a long time.
These expressions or seasonal greetings can be combined in a variety of ways to form the preliminary greeting. The Japanese...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Japanese letter Expressions Essay
  • Letter about drugs
  • Essay on Expressions
  • The Ambiguity Use of Symbolism in the Scarlet Letter Essay
  • Letter of motivation Essay
  • Letter Essay
  • Letter Essay
  • Letter Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free