Exploring Personality In SA

Good Essays
Topics: South Africa
Exploring the Personality Structure in the 11
Languages of South Africa
Jan Alewyn Nel,1 Velichko H. Valchev,2
Sebastiaan Rothmann,1 Fons J. R. van de Vijver,1,2
Deon Meiring,3 and Gideon P. de Bruin4
1
2

North-West University, South Africa

Tilburg University, The Netherlands

3

University of Pretoria, South Africa

4

University of Johannesburg, South Africa

ABSTRACT The present study, part of the development of the South
African Personality Inventory (SAPI), explores the implicit personality structure in the 11 official language groups of South Africa by employing a mixed-method approach. In the first, qualitative part of the study, semistructured interviews were conducted with 1,216 participants from the 11 official language groups. The derived personality-descriptive terms were categorized and clustered based on their semantic relations in iterative steps involving group discussions and contacts with language and cultural experts. This analysis identified 37 subclusters, which could be merged in 9 broad clusters: Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability,
Extraversion, Facilitating, Integrity, Intellect, Openness, Relationship
The SAPI, an acronym for the South African Personality Inventory, is a project that aims to develop an indigenous personality measure for all 11 official languages in South
Africa. Participants are Byron Adams (University of Johannesburg and Tilburg University), Gideon P. de Bruin (University of Johannesburg), Karina de Bruin (University of Johannesburg), Carin Hill (University of Johannesburg), Leon Jackson (North-West
University), Deon Meiring (University of Pretoria and University of Stellenbosch),
Jan Alewyn Nel (North-West University), Ian Rothmann (North-West University),
Michael Temane (North-West University), Velichko H. Valchev (Tilburg University), and Fons J. R. van de Vijver (North-West University and Tilburg University).
Special thanks are expressed to Boele de Raad for his comments on the



References: Abrahams, F., & Mauer, K. F. (1999). The comparability of the constructs of the 16PF in the South African context Allport, G. W., & Odbert, H. S. (1936). Trait-names: A psycho-lexical study. Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2001). A theoretical basis for the major dimensions of personality Bakan, D. (1966). The duality of human existence: Isolation and communion in Western man Berry, J. W. (1989). Imposed etics-emics-derived etics: The operationalization of a compelling idea Berry, J. W., Poortinga, Y. H., Segall, M. H., & Dasen, P. R. (2002). Cross-cultural psychology Cheung, F. M., Van de Vijver, F. J. R., & Leong, F. T. L. (2011). Toward a new approach to the assessment of personality in culture Cheung, S. F., Cheung, F. M., Howard, R., & Lim, Y.-H. (2006). Personality across the ethnic divide in Singapore: Are “Chinese traits” uniquely Chinese? Church, A. T. (2001). Personality measurement in cross-cultural perspective. Church, A. T. (2008). Current controversies in the study of personality across cultures De Raad, B. (1999). Interpersonal lexicon: Structural evidence from two independently constructed verb-based taxonomies. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 15, 181–195. De Raad, B., & Van Heck, G. (Eds.). (1994). The fifth of the Big Five. European Journal of Personality, 8, 225–356. T., Curtis, G. J., et al. (2007). Culture, method, and the content of selfconcepts: Testing trait, individual–self-primacy, and cultural psychology perspectives Foxcroft, C. D., Paterson, H., Le Roux, N., & Herbst, D. (2004). Psychological assessment in South Africa: A needs analysis Graziano, W. G., & Eisenberg, N. (1997). Agreeableness: A dimension of personality. In R. Hogan, J. A. Johnson, & S. R. Briggs (Eds.), Handbook of personality psychology (pp. 795–824). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences: International differences in workrelated values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. John, O. P. (1990). The “Big Five” factor taxonomy: Dimensions of personality in the natural language and in questionnaires John, O. P., Naumann, L. P., & Soto, C. J. (2008). Paradigm shift to the integrative Big Five taxonomy: History, measurement, and conceptual issues. In O. P. (1998). Parental descriptions of child personality: Developmental antecedents of the Big Five? Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (2008). The HEXACO personality factors in the indigenous personality lexicons of English and 11 other languages. Journal of Personality, 76, 1001–1053. Lin, E. J.-L., & Church, A. T. (2004). Are indigenous Chinese personality dimensions culture-specific? An investigation of the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory in Chinese American and European American samples McCrae, R. R., & Allik, J. (Eds.). (2002). The five-factor model of personality across cultures Meiring, D., Van de Vijver, F. J. R., & Rothmann, S. (2006). Bias in an adapted version of the 15FQ+ in South Africa Meiring, D., Van de Vijver, A. J. R., Rothmann, S., & Barrick, M. R. (2005). Mervielde, I. (1998). Validity of results obtained by analyzing free personality descriptions Nolte-Schamm, C. (2006). The African anthropology as resource for reconciliation: Ubuntu/Botho as a reconciliatory paradigm in South Africa. Scriptura, 93, 370–383. Peabody, D., & De Raad, B. (2002). The substantive nature of psycholexical personality factors: A comparison across languages

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