Explain what constitutes the physical and psychological needs of a three year old child. Explain how these needs can ideally be met in a childcare setting.
A three year old child starts to become more independent, often wanting to do things without intervention from adults. It is the age that most children are toilet trained and children of this age can,generally make themselves understood verbally. In order to create an environment which allows children to grow, develop and flourish it is vital that close attention is paid.
If we take Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs as our framework in looking at the actual needs which need to be met on the road to self-development, and we think of them in relation to a 3 year old we can see that there are certain pre-requisites that need to be met in order to give the child the mental freedom to develop. This translates in a childcare setting to meeting the physiological needs such as sleep, warmth, air, exercise, food and nutrition. If there is a deficit in any of these areas the child will become either lethargic, overly-tired,anxious, irritable, or malnourished and in such circumstances the child would be unable to develop fully. A childcare provider needs to provide opportunities for all three year olds to have a short nap, if required, to exercise and play outdoors and to eat a nutritious, balanced diet which provides the vitamin and nutrients required for physical development. Additionally the facility needs to be warm enough with good ventilation.
In terms of physical needs, children need to have the opportunity to develop gross motor skills, which are strongly linked to broader cognitive development, through running, skipping, jumping, hopping, playing with a ball. There should also be provision
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