ITC1A01 Introduction to Thinking Styles
Assessment: Writing assignment 100% (Approx. 1,000 words) Subject tutor: Dr. K. W. Lau [Robert], Assistant Professor [email@example.com] [852 - 2766 6466] [Room: ST 707]
Explain the use of memory systems on strengthening your studying area(s)?
Ng Yan Kin
Department of Civil engineering
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
This paper is about exploring the use of memory system on strengthening study areas. In the paper, literatures are used to reveal the basic knowledge and functions of memory system like forms of memory as well as some memory techniques and ways that can help enhancing and strengthening study efficiency such as Acronyms and Acrostics.
Besides, some experience studies are also used for evidence the effect and reality of memory system use for studying.
It is explained that how using memory system for learning and studying could strengthen the study areas.
Memory -- is the process by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved. It seems a little bit abstract but it actually closely related daily lives. In academic, we always need to recite the presentation speeches, remember the knowledge or formulas as well as have revision for tests and exam. All these things must rely on the memory system - we must clearly remember the knowledge or else or and the end will fail the exam. Besides, we may always forget things easily, not matter it happens just a few minutes even several seconds.
Actually, memories are related to human’s brain, for instance, the hippocampus and temporal cortex seem related to the declarative memory, the cerebellum and spinal cord seem to be necessary for procedural memories.
This paper aims to analysis helpful memory techniques and enhance the cognition of memory in a bit to better studies through using the memory system or techniques.
2. Literature Review
In psychology, memory system is used to be divided to three different forms that are sensory, short-term, and long-term memories; however, it is just only one memory system (Anderson .2000).
Sensory memory allows individuals to obtain impressions of sensory information after the original stimulus has ceased (Coltheart, Max .1980)
Short-term memory allows recall for a period of several seconds to a minute without rehearsal (repeating information mentally) (George A. Miller .1956). Yet, the storage of short-term memory is limited as 7±2 according to "The magical number 7±2".
Long-term memory means the permanent memories. It consists of procedural (all memories that are consciously available), semantic (memory for specific events in time) and episodic (knowledge about factual information) memory. (Wood,R.,Baxter,P.,Belpaeme,T. 2011)
There are three main processes of formatting and retrieval memories: 1. Encoding – receive and combine information received 2. Storage – transfer short-term memories to permanent memories 3. Retrieval – recall the memories by some cues
Form the model, it could be seen that the processes between the memory forms. 1. Information transferred to sensory and short-term memories 2. Keeps repeating rehearsals, short-term memories will be stored into long-term memories 3. Long-term memories retrieved when cues appear
Memory techniques are some ways and tips to enhance memory skills. These are examples of memory skill: Mnemonics like Acronyms, Acrostics, Rhymes and Songs as well as Mind Mapping and also SuperMemo model
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3. Argument & Discussion
Use the processes for studying as example. When studying or having lessons, a student receives new knowledge like a mathematics formula and encodes...
References: Anderson, J. R. (2000). ‘Learning and memory: An integrated approach. New York: John
Wiley & Sons’
Coltheart, Max. (1980). ‘Iconic memory and visible persistence’. ‘Perception & Psychophysics 27’
Miller, George A. (1956). ‘The magical number seven, plus or minus two: some limits on our capacity for processing information’
Wood, R., Baxter, P., Belpaeme, T. (2011). ‘A review of long term memory in natural and synthetic systems’
Sharon DeWitt. (2007). ‘The Effects of Note Taking and Mental Rehearsal On Memory’
Dr. K. W. Lau [Robert]. (2012). ‘L09-Intro_memory system’
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