Explain The Structure Of The State And Commonwealth Parliaments And The Roles Played By The Upper House Lower House And The Crown In The Law Making Process

Topics: Westminster system, Australia, United Kingdom Pages: 2 (950 words) Published: April 13, 2015
Sarah D’Mello 
Explain the structure of the state and Commonwealth parliaments, and the roles played by  the Upper House, Lower House and the Crown in the lawmaking process.   

Australia  is a constitutional monarchy,  a federation of states and a representative democracy, that  means  that the legal  framework with which Australia operates is the constitution, the  queen and a  federal  system.  For  the  representative  democracy  a  political  government  is  carried  out  by  representatives that have been elected by the people.   

The  Australian  parliamentary  system  is  based  on  the  British  Westminster  system,  which  was  adopted  into  the  Commonwealth  of  Australia  Constitution  Act   1900.   The  Commonwealth  constitution established the Commonwealth Parliament and it’s lawmaking abilities. As Australia  is  a  Commonwealth  country,  this  means  that  the  head  of  state  is  the  Queen  of  England  and  is  therefore  part  of  the  parliamentary  system.  In  Australia  the  Queen’s  representative  is  the  Governor  General  at  a  federal  level  and  the  Governor  at  a  state  level.  The  commonwealth  and  state  parliament  operate  on  a  bicameral  system.  This  means  that  there  are two houses; the upper  house and the lower house.  

The  Commonwealth  Parliament consists of the Crown,  represented by the Governor­General, the  upper  house,  which  is  the  Senate,  and  the  Lower  house,  which  is  the  House  of  Representatives.  The senate holds 76 members, and the House of Representatives holds 150 members.   

The  monarch  is  the  third  element  of  the  Commonwealth  parliament, which is represented by the  Governor­General.  The  Governor­General  gives  royal  assent;  the  formal  signing  of  a  Bill  to  indicate  the  monarch’s  approval,  to  legislation  that  has  been  passed  by  both  houses  of  parliament.  According to the constitution ...
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