Task 1.1 - The sequence and rate of development from birth - 19 years:
Physical development includes a child's movement skills, their gross and fine motor skills and their hand eye co-ordination. A childs development in this area can be supported by: providing equipment and space so the child is able to develop their movement and gross motor skills with adequate adult supervision. An adult could also allow access to materials and equipment that develops the child's fine motor skills and should provide cooking and other activites to enable the child's hand eye co-ordination to develop. Social And Emotional Development:
Social And Emotional development consists of the child developing relationships, learning social skills by caring for other people, developing their decision making skills,learning how to be self reliant and building their confidence and learning how to cope with their emotions. A child's social development can be supported by: being given praise when they have achieved something. An adult could provide the child with guidance whilst still respecting their choices and allowing them to make their own decisions. A child should be given the chance to spend time with others and provided with activities that involve them having to share and take turns. The child should also be given plenty of opportunities to show they are responsible for their own things and actions and should be given support and encouragment in whatever they choose to A child's emotional development can be supported by: adults being kind and caring towards a child and showing them affection. Every child should be given the opportunity to say how they are feeling. It is important that an adult supports a child to adjust to a new situation by giving them lots of time and attention, and by making them feel welcome and secure in the new environment. Intellectual Development:
Intellectual development includes a child's attention span, how well they understand information, their reasoning skills, how they develop memory and their logical thinking and questioning. As a child gets older they develop changes into the way they think about the world, and this can have a big effect on their ability to cope with demands in their daily lives. A child's ability to process detailed information provides them with an opportuniy to learn some new skills and gain knowledge. A child's intellectual development can be supported by: helping them to develop their memory skills by talking about past events. Playing games is also useful such as "i spy" as this helps to develop their thinking. Also by talking with the child about what they can see,hear,smell,touch and taste as this helps them to develop their senses and enables them to tell the difference between certain objects. An adult needs to also make available the opportunity for make believe playtime and set up things like pretend shops and have dressing up clothes.
The language aspect of development consists of a child's understanding language and how they aquire language, their development of vocabulary and their body language. Their language development can be supported by: asking an open ended question, talking about books they have read and also asking children to give information about themselves.
Development of a child aged 0 - 3 years:
By the age of 6 months old a child will be able to turn their head towards sounds and movements and smile at faces that are familar to them. Children can also recognize familar voices. Children of this age like to lie on their backs and hold their feet in the air above their heads and they also like to explore different objects by putting them in their mouths. At 6-12 months old a child will go from sitting with support all the time to being able to sit alone unaided. Children can roll over from front to back without support and like to shuffle round on their bottoms as a means to...
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