Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years.
In the table below I have given an explanation of the sequence and rate of each different aspects of development from birth to 19 years of age. Age Group
| Cognitive (intellectual)
| 0-6 months
| There are many physical developments that a child starts to develop by 6months. Some of these include; being able to turn their heads when they hear sounds or see movements, when they are being fed they can stare at the adult’s face, when they hear a familiar voice they will smile, put whatever they have into their mouth and be able to hold and shake a rattle.
| At this stage they don’t do much as they are mainly helpless, tries to avoid social interaction and is fed by the mother 5-8 times a day. The baby can after a couple of months smile at a face and is able to recognise the mother’s face.
| Between these ages the baby is able to respond to adults, mainly the mother’s voice and face, whilst being fed they will stare at the adult’s face and depend a lot on the adult for support and comfort. This is important for them because they know that they are safe with the carer. They also like to be cuddled a lot.
| From birth the baby would be able to make a variety of happy noises, are able to respond to a range of music and other sounds and the baby will also stare at the mother or carers face, mainly the mouth, to try and copy their movements.
| At this age the child is able to clearly see within 13inches, keep focus on and follow objects, including a person’s face, see different types of colours and differentiate shade and brightness, as well as distinguish the pitch and volume of sound they hear, be able to respond with facial expressions and is able to begin to anticipate event, such as suck when they are being fed as well as respond to a familiar sounds.
| 6-12 months
| Between these ages, the child would be able to sit with support to without, roll over from their tummy to their back, be able to crawl or shuffle on their bottoms, raise their arms to be lifted, turn when they hear their name, looks for things hidden from them and reach towards basis of food.
| At these ages the baby enjoys playing peek-a-boo and the company of others to be able to have fun and they are affection to carer and be shy to a stranger they don’t know. The baby is able to respond to their own name when called, wave good bye-bye when someone says bye, gives and takes objects and understands when no is being said to them.
| Here the baby will give out a lot of emotions to get the carers attention; they would usually start to cry if they need to be fed or want something and they would be laughing if they are having a good time. The child usually shows a lot of emotional attachment when separated from the mother.
| The baby by these months will be able to make babbling sounds, they are able to make 4-5 different noises and turn to the source of sounds, when showing feelings they will begin to scream or shriek with excitement and are also able to laugh and chuckle to show happiness.
| By this age the child is able to see the difference among pictures which show different numbers of items, they begin to understand that an object is still in existence even when it is not seen and be able to respond to simple directions and questions with signs. The child is also able to copy signs and actions and like looking at books with a lot of colourful pictures.
| 12-24 months
| By 1-2 years old they would be able to walk, be able to sit alone, eat food themselves, wave goodbye to people, able to crawl upstairs, are able to build a tower with a couple of bricks, shake their to say ‘no’, they are able to point or make noises if they want something and finally are able to bang objects together.
| The child is able to feed themselves, understand and obeys limited commands, is able to repeat a couple of words and loves to look at...
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