Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth - 19 Years
26 November 2012
Unit 1 Child and Young Person Development
Learning Outcome: Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth - 19 years.
Task 1: Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth - 19 years.
The aspects of development are defined as Physical, Social & Emotional, Language and Intellectual. There are different stages of development for each category, 0-3 years, 3-7 years, 7-12 years and 12-19 years.
All children will follow the same pattern of development but at different rates and will reach their milestones at different times.
During the 0-3 year period a child’s physical development will see them start to move and react to memorable sounds and voices. They recognise people, reach for brightly coloured or noisy items. Their ability to move begins with rolling over, moves to crawling, shuffling and finally the ability to walk. Fine motor skills will also increase, from being able to hold and shake interesting objects to using crayons to scribble and make marks. They will use body language to communicate, such as shaking the head to indicate ‘NO’.
As they move into years 3-7 their skills become more refined, they will be able to walk up and down stairs, catch a ball, use paints. Then they will learn to pedal a bike start to draw basic pictures of people or houses. Movement continues to improve and they become confident at climbing and jumping and their fine motor skills allow them to write more clearly, sew and manage shoe laces.
By ages 7-12 years children are generally able to hit a ball and participate in team sports although their ability may not meet their own expectations at first.
During adolescence physical development becomes more about appearance and the process of puberty. Whilst girls begin this process earlier than boys all children will develop as