Explain the neo-malthusian theory with relevance to the current world situation"

Powerful Essays
“ Explain the neo-malthusian theory with relevance to the current world situation”
The term neo-Malthusianism was first used in 1877 by Dr. Samuel Van Houten, one of the vice- presidents of the Malthusian League. Neo-Malthusian theory is derived from Thomas Malthus’ proposition that limited resources keep populations in check and reduce economic growth. Neo- Malthusianism was not just a campaign in favour of birth control; it was particular perspective on the effects of population on human conduct and behaviour. It tried to justify the growing impoverishment of working people by pseudo-scientific theories of “absolute over-population, and diminishing returns on the soil”. The neo-Malthusian movement therefore was different from conventional Malthusian position on two counts: it stressed on birth control methods and also identified the working class with the problem of overpopulation. The overcrowded industrial slums were identified as sites of moral degeneration. However, some key facts on the neo-malthusian perspective must be identified. They believe that everyone can contribute to society, secondly, population increases geometrically and food supply/ subsistence increases arithmetically. Also, they advocated race discrimination and thought that Birth Control, war epidemics are used to promote capitalism and alleviate misery of the masses.
In contemporary societies today, it can be observed that there is an existent division of people, whether it may the rich or the poor, financially stable or financially unstable, or most commonly known, The Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat, as mentioned by Karl Marx. Neo-Malthusians strongly believe that all the individuals in society can contribute to society no matter the division and which class they may fit in ( upper or lower class). They did not specifically measure the amount of contributions that each class were able to present but mainly focused on how the contributions of one class was beneficial to the other,

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    A Neo Malthusian

    • 431 Words
    • 2 Pages

    A neo Malthusian is somebody of Malthus beliefs Neomalthusians on population growth and control the neo-Malthusian theorists may be presented as a splinter group. Essentially they agree with Malthus that control of population is inevitable. However they disagree with Malthus that factors like war and famine are the key to population control and reject such simplistic notions. Instead they promote a number of ideals for example planned parenthood as a method of population control. Mustapha, Nasser…

    • 431 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Neo Malthusian vs Malthusian

    • 3464 Words
    • 15 Pages

    Malthusian and Neo-Malthusian Theories/ Ran Abramitzky and Fabio Braggion Malthus’ Legacy Few economists have had such controversial ideas, and generated a debate on such a scale as Thomas Malthus. In “An Essay on the Principle of Population”, published in 1798, the English economist made public his theory on population dynamics and its relationship with the availability of resources. The essay was the result of his skepticism towards positivist theorists, praising the perfectibility of man…

    • 3464 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    were not many at the beginning, but once a certain point was hit, the number of people began to rapidly increase. People were living longer and had higher survival rates, therefore, with death rates low, the population increased rapidly. b) As the world became more populated from time A to time b, more and more pressure built up. Humans most likely became desperate due to reaching the Earth’s carrying capacity that they strived for new methods of living and to find new resources. People developed…

    • 600 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The term neo-Malthusianism was first used in 1877 by Dr. Samuel Van Houten, one of the vice- presidents of the Malthusian League. Neo- Malthusianism was not just a campaign in favour of birth control; it was particular perspective on the effects of population on human conduct and behavior (Shah, 2013). Neo-Malthusian theory is derived from Thomas Malthus 's proposition that limited resources keep populations in check and reduce economic growth. Neo-Malthusians also agreed to Malthus ' theory of population…

    • 1407 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    malthusian theory

    • 295 Words
    • 1 Page

    Malthusian Population Trap (Malthusian Theory on Population Growth and Economic Development) Reverend Thomas Malthus published An Essay on the Principle of Population in 1798 which argued that population increases geometrically ( i.e. 1, 2, 4, 8, 16..) doubling every 30 to 40 years while food supplies expand only arithmatically (becuase of diminishing returns to fixed factors such as land). This means that each person will have less land to work and therefore per capita food production will decline…

    • 295 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Background Today, the world is in a hyper-consumeristic age where the economy is designed for people to overconsume resources. Planned obsolescence, materialism and convenience are key drivers of overconsumption which poses a major threat to the environment. [0] Figure 1. Malthusian Theory of Population [1] As shown in figure 1, the linear growth in food and resources will not be able to sustain the exponential growth in population and we will eventually hit a point of crisis. One way to address…

    • 950 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Malthusian Theory of Population Thomas Malthus: Thomas Malthus' Theory of Population that was proposed more than two centuries ago, foretold the problems of food shortage that the world is facing today, due to uncontrolled increase in population. Thomas Robert Malthus was a British economist and a demographer, whose famous Theory of Population highlighted the potential dangers of overpopulation. Malthus put forth his ideas in six editions of his famous treatise 'An Essay on the Principle of…

    • 1319 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Current Situation

    • 749 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Current Situation The image of professional baseball has, by and large, been an idyllic and relatively unblemished one from its roots as the national pastime in the mid-1800s until the latter part of the 20th century. Aside from the 1919 Black Sox scandal in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox conspired to cheat, to "fix" the World Series, nothing has rocked the game as much as the use of performance enhancing drugs (PED). Since revelations about players using such substances as steroids…

    • 749 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    current situation

    • 489 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Current Situation Before Zuora Tien Tzuo was the chief strategy officer at Salesforce.com and K.V. Rao was head of strategic marketing and business development at WebEx. Both Tien Tzuo and K.V. Rao worked on building their respective billing solutions that was a big barrier to many SaaS companies. Once realized that this is a huge unaddressed problem for SaaS companies, they saw this an opportunity to exploit this new e-commerce niche in the SaaS Industry, thus creating Zuora. Cheng Zhou, the head…

    • 489 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Malthusian Theory in relation to the Caribbean According to Chinapoo et Al (2014), Thomas Malthus’s Theory (1798), claims that population growth is determined by certain natural laws and food supply was the main limit to population. He argued that population increases faster than the food supply and compared the way in which each increases. Malthus ' theory of population can be used to explain the dynamics of the relationship between population and resources in less developed territories. Since the…

    • 2012 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays