Explain how the following early years settings reflects the scope and purpose of the sector

Topics: Nursery school, Kindergarten, Childcare Pages: 4 (1092 words) Published: April 14, 2014
Explain how the following early years settings reflects the scope and purpose of the sector.

The early years sector in the United Kingdom is quite complex, and unlike many European countries it was not developed by government policy with specific aims but came about in response to families’ requirements which were based on changing economical and social factors.

In the second half of the twentieth century public expenditure on early year’s provision focused on families with social needs and difficulties. Local authority day nurseries catered mainly for children who were at risk from harm mainly in deprived areas. There was early years provision available in the private sector in the form of childminders, nannies and private nurseries. During the 1960s the playgroup movement developed, where parents set up and run provision for their own children to learn through play in village halls and other community facilities. This was originally the way the pre-school i work at was formed and it is still held in a village hall today.

Families requirements for their children vary, as some parents want care for their children so that they can return to work and some parents want to stay with their children while they socialise. Some parents want their children in settings which offer services aimed at learning, some parents want their children to be in a home based environment and some families cannot afford to pay fees for provision. This is why the early years sector has various forms of provision to meet the needs of families. This provision includes – Nurseries, childminders, pre-schools, crèches, children’s centres and parent and toddler groups. Over the past ten to fifteen years the early years sector has been at the forefront of government agenda and there have been huge changes in response to social and economic developments.

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