2.1. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors 2.2. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors 3.2. Explain the reasons why children’s development might not follow the expected pattern Factors that influence development.
Core 3.1 2.1
Children’s development is influenced by a variety of different personal factors. Such factors can include Cerebral palsy, downs syndrome, dyslexia, and many more. Cerebral palsy occurs when there is lack of oxygen to a baby’s brain when being delivered. This causes brain damage which can then cause problems when trying to reach development norms. Cerebral palsy affects a child’s movement and coordination. “Your child may be slower in achieving important developmental goals, such as learning to crawl, walk or speak.” (NHS (Online) 21/04/2012). They may never even begin to do these things, depending on the severity of their illness. Down’s syndrome is another personal factor that will influence development in children and young people. Down’s syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome in the child’s genes. “All children with Down's syndrome have some degree of learning disability and delayed development, but this varies widely between individual children.” (NHS (Online) 24/01/2013). Even though their development will be delayed, they are very likely to achieve just at their own pace. Autism is a disability that can cause developmental delays. “Autistic children are unable to make eye contact. Without eye contact, autistic children often will not develop skills such as eating properly, speech and other motor skills babies and toddlers must develop.” (Living Healthy. (Online) August 13, 2008). Delays in speech development will then lead to poor communication skills, which will then affect that child for the rest of their life. Core 3.1 2.2
As well as personal factors, external factors also influence a child/young...
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