History of Thailand
Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen. Thank you for coming. I’m very happy that you have come here today. Today, I would like to talk to you about the subject is “ History of Thailand ” Founded in the thirteenth century, the Kingdom of Thailand was known until 1939 as Siam referred to as Siamese, the people of Thailand are now called "Thai", which itself mean 'Free', Thailand being "The Land of The Free." If we trace the origins of the Thai we find their ancestors were a people of southern China called T'ai who slowly migrated thoughout the area, some settling in what is now northern Thailand and establishing a fledgling Thai kingdom at Payao in 1096. Spurred by the Mongol conquest of China, the northern Thai kingdoms grew in size and numbers, with Lanna Thai and Sukhothai becoming expecially important. Mengrai, a tribal leader who founded Lanna Thai, " A Million Rice Feilds", named his Chiang Mai city which still today serves as a bastion of traditional Thai ways. Meanwhile sukhothai rose to preeminence under King Ramkhamhaeng who is thought to have invented the Thai writing system and established the basis of the Thai nation. By the 14th century the seat of power was transferred to Ayutthaya under King Ramathibodi. The Ayutthaya period was to last for some four hundred years, during which time the organization of government and a strong tradition of art and literature were firmly established. The Potuguese, who were especially influentail as traders, also introduced firearm technology. Ayutthaya finally fell to the Burmese in 1569. The young Prince Naresuan taken by the invaders, returned to defeat his formers captors and to rebuild and expand the kingdom of Ayutthaya. Sadly Ayutthaya, then rich in culture and with a strong economy, fell for the second time to the rapacious Burmese who, in 1767, burned the city to the ground, and took thousands of prisoners as slave labour. Their reign was however, short-lived. Under the inspired...
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