Expansion of the Roman Republic
In the late classical Mediterranean period, the Roman Republic, which later came to be the Roman Empire, had won many conquests. Through these conquests, the Roman Republic started to accumulate large expanses of land and its people were effectively integrated into a larger imperial system. Throughout this period, the people of the republic built a sense of stability and prosperity. The development of stability and prosperity in the Roman Republic remained strong due to the successful creation of their own type of government, a strong military, strong commitment to family and family values, successful farming and engineering, and the profit of slavery.
The government assumed a considerable role in promoting the longevity of the Roman Republic. After eliminating the monarchy in 509 B.C.E, the government was able to build their own new political system in the way they saw fit. Rome decided to combine all three governments: aristocratic, democratic, and monarchical.1 They did this because they believed that their system of government would work best if the advantages of each different type of system were incorporated; they believed this would form a fair government that ran smoothly. “All three kinds of government shared in the control of the Roman state. Such fairness and propriety was shown in the use of these three types in drawing up the constitution”.2 Each different type of government performed a different role in maintaining and providing a sense of power, constitution, and senate. “If one looked at the power of the Consuls, the constitution seemed completely monarchical; if at that of the Senate, it seemed aristocratic; and if at the power of the masses, it seemed clearly to be a democracy” meaning they would assign what type of governmental system worked best for each different role in society.3 Each different type of government had their own responsibilities, which helped to establish stability because no single government was required to assume the role of all these obligations and responsibilities. Work was divided between them, making for a stronger and stable government because more was able to be accomplished. Roman Republic exploited the advantages of each different type of governmental system.
The Roman Republic had a strong military, which for a long time helped to form a stable republic. The general public of the Roman Republic were often very active in the military, where their interests in politics and responsibility increased.4 This helped to build stability because it gave people insight into their rights and obligations in terms of their government, without which the republic would not have continued to exist. “Citizens believed that the state was theirs, they had certain rights and obligations without which their government would not survive”.5 This was one way in which the military had an impact on stability in the Republic.
The harsh military laws and regulations also assisted the military to maintain stability throughout the republic. Men in the military were not able to visit their wives unless it was in the winter season or in order to maintain discipline.6 They did this to maintain power over them and keep them focused on the military, wars, and serving the Roman republic. Harsh punishments were given out for men who broke the rules; men who left their post while on guard would be put to death. “Centurions, as well as common sentinels, who deserted their posts when on guard, were punished with death”.7 This type of military discipline maintained stability because people feared that if they broke the rules a harsh punishment would be placed upon them; the military was a factor of stability because people obeyed the rules.
The Roman Republic also maintained stability through the strength of the family and family values. Rome stressed the necessity of a having firm family. The man would ultimately exert power over his family while...
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