Exercise 6: Cardiovascular Physiology Worksheet
Assignment Due: Week 6
Activity 1: Direct Heart Stimulation
Did you see any change in the trace? I did not see a change in the trace 2.
Why or why not? This is because it needs more stimulation 3.
Did you see any change in the trace? I did see a change in the trace 4.
Why or why not? This is because there is double stimulation. 5.
Describe the change you see in the trace. How does it differ from the baseline trace? The trace increased from the baseline trace. 6.
What effect do the repeated stimuli have on the heartbeat trace? Describe the trace. The heartbeat trace showed a flat line then jumped back to normal and then flat lined again, it continued to follow this trace continuously. 7.
What part of the trace shows the refractory period? The atrial contraction is the part of the trace that shows the refractory period. 8.
Does summation occur? No, summation does not occur.
Why is it important that summation not occur in heart muscle? Summation would increase the Heart muscle contractions which would lead to a heart attack.
Activity 2: Vagus Nerve Stimulation
Describe the effect of the vagus nerve stimulation on the heartbeat. The vagus nerve stimulation caused the heartbeat to flat line and then restart and react normally. 2.
Soon after you applied the stimuli, did the heart rate increase or decrease? Soon after the stimulus is applied the heart rate decreased. 3.
Why? This is because the cardiac muscle cells depolarize. 4.
How do the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems work together to regulate heart rate? Sympathetic neurons increase the heart rate while the parasympathetic neurons decrease the heart rate and the heart simultaneously receives both neurons signals. 5.
What does this tell you about the parasympathetic nervous system in relation to the sympathetic nervous system and hormones? That when one increases the other decreases....
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