Topics: Muscle, Physical exercise, Obesity Pages: 6 (1841 words) Published: February 1, 2013
About 100 B.C., Cicero observed that “exercise and temperance can preserve something of our strength in old age.” Aristotle stressed the need for exercise to maintain “a healthy mind in a healthy body.” In the Misneh Torah, the twelfth century Jewish scholar and physician, Rabbi Moses Maimonides, strongly recommended daily exercise and warned that “anyone who sits around idle and takes no exercise will be subject to physical discomforts and failing strength.” Early in the eighteen century, the renowned British physician, Thomas Addison, said: “Exercise ferments the humours, casts them into their proper channels, throw off redundancies, and helps nature in these secret distributions without which the body cannot subsist in its vigour or the soul act with cheerfulness.” In 1799, the Englishman, Thomas Easton, evaluated the lifestyles of 1,712 people over one hundred years of age in a book on human longevity and concluded: “It is not the rich and the great, nor those who depend on medicine, who become old: but such as use much exercise. For the idler never attains a remarkable great age.” In 1864, an English physiologist, Edward Smith, performed the first systematic studies on the physiologic and metabolic responses to exercise. He reported a higher mortality rate among people in sedentary occupations compared with those who were physically active. In the United States exercise and fitness were popular with the founding fathers, among them (Benjamin Franklin, John Quincy Adams, and Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson) was particularly enthusiastic about walking. “Habituate you to walk fast without fatigue,” he wrote. INTRODUCTION

When we talk about exercise, we nearly always refer to physical exercise. Exercise is the physical exertions of the body - making the body do a physical activity which results in a healthy or healthier level of physical fitness and both physical and mental health. In other words, exercise aims to maintain or enhance our physical fitness and general health. People exercise for many different reasons. Some of them are for fun, to socialize and also controlling their body weight. People don’t exercise for some various reasons. People who do regular activity have a lower risk of many chronic diseases like stroke, diabetes, and some cancers. Doing physical activity can also boost self-esteem, mood and also sleep quality. So as we get older we need more exercise to avoid gaining any diseases.

Different Types of Exercise
The four different types of exercise or types of physical exercises. 1. Exercise that improves muscle and bone strength (strength/resistance exercise) 2. Exercise that improves joint and muscle flexibility (flexibility exercise) 3. Exercise that improves endurance and stamina (cardiovascular) 4. Exercise that enhances your balance and coordination.

Types of Exercise:
a) Strength/resistance exercise
Strength exercise improves the capability of your muscles and bones. Every physical movement that we do uses muscles and muscle groups. Our entire body depends on our muscles and bones, the skeletal structure, as a strong frame. An excellent way to get some strength training and maximize the benefits of walking, which is a great cardiovascular activity, is to add hand/wrist weights. Whenever I’ve used hand or legs weights while walking, I’ve noticed a definite increase in speed of results, feeling fit faster! Doing some regular strength training will help to reverse weakened muscles and alleviate pain that comes from having weak muscles. As you strengthen the muscles in your body, your stamina also improves. This form of exercise also increases bone mass and density.

b) Flexibility Exercise
“Flexibility “comes from the word “flex”, which means to bend, like at the elbow or contract, like a muscle (get shorter in length.)Flexibility Exercises improve your ability to move naturally, improve your posture, your ability to breathe more deeply and...
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