The United Kingdom is governed within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is the head of state and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by Her Majesty's Government, on behalf of and by the consent of the Monarch, as well as by the devolved Governments of Scotland and Wales, and the Northern Ireland Executive. The Queen's Role
Although the Queen is no longer responsible for governing the country, she carries out a great many important tasks on behalf of the nation. Head of State
As Head of State, the Queen goes on official State visits abroad. She also invites other world leaders to come to the United Kingdom. During their visit, Heads of State usually stay at Buckingham Palace, or sometimes at Windsor Castle or Holvroodhouse in Edinburgh. Head of the Armed Forces
She is the only person who can declare when the country is at war and when war is over, although she must take advice from her government first. Head of the Church of England
A position that all British monarchs have held since it was founded by Henry VIII in the 1530s.The Queen appoints archbishops and bishops on the advice of the Prime Minister. The spiritual leader of the Church of England is the Archbishop of Canterbury. Government Duties
Every day 'red boxes' are delivered to the Queen's desk full of documents and reports from the government ministers and Commonwealth officials. They must all be read and, if necessary, signed by the Queen. Represents the Nation
The Queen represents the nation at times of great celebration or sorrow. One example of this is Remembrance Day ceremony at the Cenotaph monument in Whitehall. The Queen lays a wreath there each year to honour the members of the armed forces who have died fighting for their country. Royal Garden Parties
At least three Royal Garden Parties are held at Buckingham Palace each year and about 8,000 guests attend each one. Alongside her other duties the Queen spends a huge amount of time travelling around the country visiting hospitals, schools, factories and other places and organisations.
The executive: one of the three ‘powers’ or ‘branches’ of the system of government. The executive’s prime responsibility is to use the power of the state to govern the country by executing the laws passed by the legislature, or by taking actions sanctioned in other ways by the representative assembly, and by supporting the judiciary in enforcing the laws. The functions or role of the executive may be defined as follows. A support for the other branches of government
The executive tends to be the leading branch of government in all liberal democracies. The executive branch generally has a role in supporting both the other branches. The legislature in Britain is particularly dependent on the executive, which has the power to call the legislature into emergency session and to dissolve it in preparation for an election. Although the judiciary is, in theory, independent, it also depends for support on the executive. The execution of justice in Britain is a cooperative effort in which the executive works closely with the judiciary and legislature. A democratic, representative function
It is the function of government to exercise the will of the people in executive matters. In a democracy the executive is elected and is therefore in a sense a representative body. It needs therefore to act in the interests of the people if it is to be re-elected at the next election. It will offer a statement of its governmental intentions in its party manifesto at the election, as will the parties which are in opposition but are seeking to become the future government. Thus the executive must rule according to the principles of what is called ‘representative government'. Responsive government
In addition to this, the government needs to respond to the will of the people as expressed in the various groups and institutions which link the people and...
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