Topics: Occupational safety and health, Risk, Construction Pages: 9 (2321 words) Published: October 7, 2014


Course Number and Name
The management of hazards and risks while using Mobile Plants Student Name

When working close to, or together with, construction equipment, an organisation’s main consideration should be for the safety of any member of the public that is present in the construction zone, as well as the environmental impact it will have. This is reinforced by the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 Section 21 where it states “An employer must, so far as is reasonably practicable, provide and maintain for employees of the employer a working environment that is safe and without risks to health” (Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 Section 21). The Code of Practice for plant also provides guidance to persons with duties, under the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations 2007, on how to operate certain types of plant and which skills and knowledge the operator must establish. Operating certain types of plant can be hazardous which can lead to a high-risk environment. The definition of a hazard is anything in the workplace that has the potential to harm people, which include objects in the workplace, such as machinery or dangerous chemicals, (Work safe, 2008). It can also relate to the way work is done i.e. excessive noise, fatigue caused by the pace of work or competence in operating plant machinery. A risk arises where there is potential or a possibility that a hazard will actually cause harm. Factors such as the number of workers involved, the seriousness of any injuries and how often the job is done will determine the level of risk (Work safe, 2008). In this report we will be closely looking at the management process organisations use to manage hazards and risks associated with earthmoving machinery, in particular excavators. The report will be covered from different aspects in regards to the responsibility an employer, employee, and the organisation as a whole have towards managing hazards and risks. In order to understand what type of management systems an organisation will need to implement for the management of hazards and risks, we first need to know what an excavator is and how it operates. An excavator comes in a wide range of sizes and capacities, and it is used on construction sites to excavate or move large objects. This heavy-duty construction machine is made up of three parts (refer to figure 1), the first of which is a driving base which consists of two sets of tracks attached to each side of the machine. The second is an operator’s cabin with a set of controls for movement and operation. Lastly, a powerful boom arm with an attachment (e.g. bucket) designed for digging, or lifting and moving objects. All excavator operators are required to obtain all necessary training and a license prior to operating the machine.

Figure 1
Legislations and Codes of Practice
Working near moving plant can be a high-risk activity. Particular care should be taken to ensure the safety of persons working at or near locations where plant is used. Systems of work must ensure that no persons are at risk when working near or with moving plant. Safe work method statements can assist in ensuring the safety of workers where moving plant is in use. The Code of Practice no. 19 (1995) provides a details account of legislation required for use while using mobile plants. The requirements are based on the Occupational Health and Safety Communication’s Regulations with special focus on the premise of the National Guidelines for Occupational Health and Competency Standards for the Operation of Load shifting Equipment and other types of Specified Equipment. The standards for the use of mobile plants affirm that must be operated by people who hold a certificate of competency. It is the responsibility of the employer to ensure that individuals the moving machines are competent to handle the machines. The individual’s supervisor must also be trained and...

References: (Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations). (2008, April). National code of Practice for the Prevention of Falls in General Construction (Publication). Australian Government.
Health and safety in construction procurement checklist: Monitoring the construction work. (2010, October). Retrieved July 7, 2012, from http://www.worksafe.vic.gov.au/‌wps/‌wcm/‌connect/‌wsinternet/‌worksafe/‌home/‌forms+and+publications/‌forms/‌health+and+safety+in+construction+procurement+checklist+monitoring+the+construction+work
Occupational Health and Safety. (2009). Laws and regulations. Retrieved July 6, 
     2012, from http://www.worksafe.vic.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/wsinternet/ 
Victorian Consolidated Regulations. (2007). Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (Report No. 54).
Victorian workcover Authority. (2001, July). Code of Practice – (No. 19) - Plant (Technical Report No. 19). Melbourne, Australia.
Worksafe Victoria. (2008, September). Compliance code: Workplace Amenities and Work Environment (Publication No. Edition No. 1). Melbourne, Australia: Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (the OHS Act).
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