WHAT IS CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT?
SYLLABUS and CURRICULUM
What do you think is the difference? Subtitle
Definition of Syllabus
A general overall plan of the content that the school should offer the student by way of qualifying him for graduation or certification or for entrance into a professional or vocational field Good,1973:149
Curriculum is a dynamic, everchanging series of planned learning experiences. Curriculum is everything learners experience in school
Definitions of CURRICULUM
is a cultural reproduction in a structured way. It is even more: It should also value independent thinking in the context of the widest sense of social responsibility . - Smith, Stanley & Shores
Definition by Tanner & Tanner
Tanner & Tanner (2007:121) offers the following definition, derived from Deweyâ€™s definition of education;
â€œThat reconstruction of knowledge and experience that enables the learner to grow in exercising intelligent control of subsequent knowledge and experienceâ€ Dewey viewed education as a generative process â€“ that is, a process through which the learner extends and deepens the capability of exercising intelligent control over changing conditions in life
Curriculum a wider concept
derived from Latin verb curere = to run uPortuguese: Corrida = race
Curriculum = an academic and social learning race
Who do you think forms part of the curriculum race at your institution?
Committee uPermanent and temporary lecturers
Committee uBoard members
Internal Quality Evaluation Committee (IQEC)
administration: Curriculum information Registration Rules Tests and Exam results Evaluation forms
Traditional way and Progressive way of Curriculum Development Subtitle
What do you think is the difference?
THE TRADITIONAL WAY
Schools need to return to basic education and high standards â€“ back to the essentials. u Schools must systematically teach basic knowledge and not be afraid to stress hard work and discipline. u Knowledge consists of facts, concepts and skills that must be mastered through memorization and drill. u
The Traditional way (Cont)
is generally regarded as an objective, impersonal, many times value-free commodity to be grasped. u Outcomes are very specific. u Lecturers are the technicians whose task is solely to follow the step-by-step instructions in their manuals
THE PROGRESSIVE WAY
on relevant curriculum
content. u The progressivists see knowledge as more than a product that has to be mastered. u Students, they believe must interact with the world around them and interpret it.
Questions that progressivists ask
should be the overall aims of education? u How can education help humanity achieve a just and compassionate society? u What is the right (moral) thing to do?
Other characteristics of Progressivists
They consider curriculum just to be a general guide. u They see human beings as important subjects rather than mere objects. u Rather than â€œmasteringâ€ knowledge, students establish meaning for their lives through understanding and interpretation u
Interaction and meaning
Curriculum involves interaction between teachers and learners, between learners and learners, between learners and curriculum content. u The focus of teaching is more the making of meaning through learning than the transmission of concepts and skills. u
Take the following into consideration
one has all the truth u Human nature and human learning are complex u Curriculum documents are only guides. Teachers use their professional and considered judgement in determining what is best for a particular situation
Paul Freire â€“ a progressivist
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