Preview

Examples Of Inherited Genetic Conditions

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
305 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Examples Of Inherited Genetic Conditions
What are inherited genetic conditions?
Medical conditions caused by the mutation of a single gene that is passed on to a child from a biological parent.
There are many ways that conditions can be inherited:
Autosomal recessive inheritance – both parents are carriers and have copies of the faulty gene. If only one gene is inherited, the child is then a carrier. An example would be Sickle Cell Anaemia.
Autosomal dominant inheritance – 1 parent carries the defective gene. The child has a 50% chance of inheriting the condition. An example of this would Huntington Disease.
Dominant X-linked inheritance – this happens when a single abnormal gene on the X chromosome causes a disease. The abnormal gene dominates the gene pair. Although rare, an

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    sporadic new mutation, which happens at conception. Therefore, as mentioned above, the diagnosis must be made…

    • 1791 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Genetic Disease 4

    • 373 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Which disease types, autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive are generally more common / persistent in populations? Explain your answer.…

    • 373 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    will occur if the mutation is on the maternally inheritetd chromosome 15. [See picture to the left] This accounts…

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Give an example of a dominant and recessive genetic disorder. People with light eyes tend to carry recessive alleles of the major genes; people with dark eyes tend to carry dominant alleles.…

    • 369 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Uop Sci/185

    • 589 Words
    • 3 Pages

    According to the pedigree above this would be a recessive trait. The reason this is a recessive trait is because no family member at the beginning of the pedigree was affected. Also no family members in the third generation of the pedigree were affected as well. If this were a dominant trait I see it affecting more family members in the earlier stages of the pedigree.…

    • 589 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nt1310 Lab 1

    • 829 Words
    • 4 Pages

    1. What does the term genetic disease mean? What examples of generic diseases do you know about?…

    • 829 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Genetics

    • 339 Words
    • 2 Pages

    -Cystic fibrosis is inherited as a recessive trait. Each child of 2 carriers has a ¼ chance of inheriting 2 recessive alleles. A person with 2copies of this allele has cystic fibrosis.…

    • 339 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Genetic Diseases

    • 306 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Q1.Some genetic disorders are caused by alleles inherited from the parents. (a) What are alleles? ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (1) (b) Describe how embryos can be screened for the alleles that cause genetic disorders.…

    • 306 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Many affected people inherit the disorder from a parent but between 30 to 50 percent of new cases occur because of a spontaneous genetic mutation…

    • 756 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    A condition or disease that is hereditary and is passed from blood relatives of the individual caused by a ‘defective’ or absent gene or chromosome. Examples include; Downs syndrome, dwarfism, and cystic fibrosis.…

    • 2859 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    • 470 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Most of the time, a person must get the defective gene from both parents to be affected. About 4 out of every 100,000 people have the condition.…

    • 470 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Huntington's Disease

    • 1120 Words
    • 5 Pages

    lobes of the cortex. To test the hypothesis, the amount of mtDNA deletion in 22…

    • 1120 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    When it comes to inheriting a disease or condition it depends on the type of chromosome affected, non sex (autosomal) or sex chromosome, and whether the trait is dominant or recessive. Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant defect. Marfan syndrome can be passed on to both men and women and it affects all ethnic groups.…

    • 1221 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Albinism - Summary

    • 606 Words
    • 3 Pages

    albinism. Parents may have normal pigmentation but still carry the gene. When both parents carry the…

    • 606 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    comprise a group of disorders in which a single gene defect causes a clinically significant…

    • 1095 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays