Medical conditions caused by the mutation of a single gene that is passed on to a child from a biological parent.
There are many ways that conditions can be inherited:
Autosomal recessive inheritance – both parents are carriers and have copies of the faulty gene. If only one gene is inherited, the child is then a carrier. An example would be Sickle Cell Anaemia.
Autosomal dominant inheritance – 1 parent carries the defective gene. The child has a 50% chance of inheriting the condition. An example of this would Huntington Disease.
Dominant X-linked inheritance – this happens when a single abnormal gene on the X chromosome causes a disease. The abnormal gene dominates the gene pair. Although rare, an