For Kottak’s Chapter 10 and lectures, The Modern World System: -world systems theory: identifiable social system based on power and wealth differentials and it extends beyond individual countries. -core: geographic center (most dominant position in the world system) includes strongest, powerful, most advanced industrial nations. -semi-periphery: (between the core and periphery nations) industrialized- export both industrial goods and commodities but lack power and economic dominance of core nations. -periphery nations: (world’s least privileged and powerful countries) economic activities are less mechanized than the other categories; produces raw materials, agricultural commodities, and human labor.
Sidney Mintz’s work on sugar cane plantations and how sugar cane plantations were related to the emergence of the modern world system and the Industrial Revolution: -Sugarcane was originally domesticated in Papa New Guinea and processed in India. Then it was carried to the new world by Columbus. The climate of Brazil and the Caribbean were ideal environments to grow sugarcane so the Europeans built plantations there to supply the growing demand. This led to the development of a system known as monocrop production. This fueled the growth of the world system.
Causes of the Industrial Revolution: began with cotton products, iron, and pottery (widely used goods whose manufacture could be broken down simply) when manufacturing moved from homes to factories, agrarian societies evolved into industrial ones.
Note the social and cultural changes caused by the shift from feudal agriculture and cottage industries to capitalism and industrial production in factories: english national income tripled and then later increased 30 times more. factory owners first had high wages but then started hiring people from low living standards. filth and smoke polluted industrial cities. housing was crowded and unsanitary with insufficient water and sewage disposal facilities- rampant disease and high death rates.
-bourgeoisie: owners of the factories, mines, large farms, and other mean of production (capitalists) -working class: made up of people who had to sell their labor to survive (propertyless workers)
Understand the historical relationships between the Industrial Revolution, colonialism, capitalism, and the emergence of the modern world system. For film “Black Gold”:
What are the global connections in coffee production and consumption? How was the growers cooperative in Ethiopia attempting to operate within this global system? What is life like for the coffee growers? What challenges are they facing?
Coffee is main source of income for Ethiopians. price has fallen of coffee since 1989 after the coffee market crashed. this leaves coffee growing countries in trouble because people are waiting for a better market. International price of coffee is established in New York and London For Kottak’s Chapter 10 (section) and lectures on Colonialism Colonialism: the political, social, economic, and cultural domination of a territory and its people by a foreign power for an extended period of time. Imperialism: refers to a policy of extending the rule of a country or empire over foreign nations and of taking and holding foreign countries
What are the historical legacies of European colonialism? How have these legacies affected identity and social relations in postcolonial countries? How did colonialism affect the lives of your ancestors?
In the Trobriand Islands, British colonial administrators and missionaries introduced the cricket? Why? How did the Trobriand Islanders change the game after they were no longer under direct colonial control? Why did they make these changes? Review the lecture on Western colonial and postcolonial images of Africa (and other non-Europeans). What are the myths perpetuated by these images? According to the analysis by Lutz and Collins (1993), how have the images in National Geographic...
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