Exam 2 study guide

Topics: Climate, Precipitation, Atmospheric thermodynamics Pages: 14 (1662 words) Published: October 20, 2014

Physical Geography
Exam 2 (ch 6,7,8,9,17)
1.
The hydrologic cycle refers to the ________.
A)
flow of rivers
B)
groundwater flow to the surface
C)
unending circulation of Earth's water supply
D)
latent heat of vaporization
E)
totality of forms of precipitation

2.
Air containing all of the water vapor it can hold is ________. A)
saturated
B)
adiabatic
C)
dew point
D)
convective
E)
unstable

3.
The release of latent heat along from water molecules on a wet surface is called ________. A)
vapor pressure
B)
specific humidity
C)
condensation
D)
evaporative cooling
E)
none of the above

4.
Tornadoes, although erratic in their pathways, are always characterized by ________ pressure. A)
devaporized
B)
high
C)
low
D)
constantly variable
E)
adiabatic

5.
The average directional movement of hurricanes is ________. A)
southwest to northeast
B)
west to east
C)
south to north
D)
east to west
E)
north to south

6.
Calm, fair weather is most likely to result from a/an ________. A)
midlatitude cyclone
B)
midlatitude anticyclone
C)
tornado
D)
tropical cyclone
E)
chinook

7.
The average hurricane exists, on the average, for about ________. A)
one week
B)
two weeks
C)
three weeks
D)
five weeks
E)
four weeks

8.
Thunderstorms are violent ________ storms accompanied by thunder and lightning. A)
convective
B)
stationary
C)
occluded
D)
jet stream
E)
adiabatic

9.
Fronts are located
A)
underneath air masses.
B)
with respect to motion, to the rear of air masses.
C)
near air masses.
D)
at the edges of air masses.
E)
in the middle of air masses.

10.
The quantity of water that can be held in subsurface rock or soil depends on the ________ of the material. A)
porosity
B)
altitude above sea level
C)
color
D)
permeability
E)
age

11.
Caves are found in most parts of the world where there are thick ________ deposits under the surface. A)
sandstone
B)
tufa
C)
till
D)
dripstone
E)
limestone

12.
The presence of a hot spring on the surface means ________. A)
underground water is virtually absent
B)
a volcano will soon erupt
C)
heated rocks or magma are underneath
D)
a volcano will erupt within 1,000 years
E)
the end of Earth is drawing near

13.
Among cloud types, those that occur at the highest altitudes are the ________. A)
stratocumulus
B)
altocumulus
C)
cumulus
D)
stratus
E)
cirrus

14.
Air that resists vertical movement is said to be ________.
A)
stable
B)
unstable
C)
cyclonic
D)
adiabatic
E)
anticyclonic

15.
The rising and subsequent cooling of air at the rate of 10°C per 1,000 meters is called ________. A)
the wet adiabatic lapse rate
B)
supercooling
C)
the latent heat of condensation
D)
the dry adiabatic lapse rate
E)
the dew point

16.
Which is NOT among the main types of atmospheric lifting and precipitation? A)
orographic
B)
frontal
C)
convergent
D)
convective
E)
advective

17.
Any buoyant parcel of air is said to exhibit ________.
A)
stability
B)
instability
C)
the moist adiabatic lapse rate
D)
advection
E)
the dry adiabatic lapse rate

18.
Rising air, warmed by the release of latent heat, cools at a rate called ________. A)
the dry adiabatic lapse rate
B)
the variable lapse rate
C)
the saturated adiabatic lapse rate
D)
the average lapse rate
E)
stability

19.
________ is the critical temperature at which saturation is reached. A)
The dew point
B)
The flash point
C)
Relative humidity
D)
Specific humidity
E)
Absolute humidity

20.
The altitude at which rising air reaches the dew point temperature is the ________. A)
adiabat
B)
precipitation level
C)
isohyet...
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