Exam 1 Study Guide: Multiple Choice and Matching
a. Two question that each give an example of one of the characteristics of living things listed below. 1.
Require Energy and Raw Materials
Are Composed of Cells
Respond to Their Environment
Grow and Reproduce
Are Capable of Evolving
b. What are the characteristics that are unique to humans?
c. Know the meaning of all the terms listed below.
Scientific Method, scientific theory, hypotheses, data, conclusion, experiment independent and dependent variable
d. Two questions on arranging in proper sequence. One question on Scientific Method and the other on increasing complexity (atoms…….biosphere)
a. Questions on atomic structure: I will pick an element from the periodic table and ask you to determine the number of electrons in the outermost shell. b. Understand the difference between polar (hydrophilic) and nonpolar (hydrophobic) molecules. c. Understand the properties and structure of water (polar, solvent, heat…). d. Know the different types of chemical bonds (ionic, covalent, hydrogen) e. What does a buffer do? Does an acid or base have a high or low pH? f. What are the three main elements that compose all organic molecules g. Scientific and medical uses of radioisotopes
h. Understand the properties and structure of carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins i. What is ATP and how does it work?
a. What is the Cell Theory?
b. Know the difference between Prokaryote and Eukaryote Cells c. Small cell size relates to increased efficiency due to surface to volume ratio. d. Matching questions: match cell organelles in one column with a description of their function in another column. e. What type of molecules make up the plasma membrane
f. Know what the difference is between: diffusion, osmosis, active transport, passive transport, exocytosis and endocytosis g. Tonicity: Cells in hypertonic,...
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