Evolution of Private Security

Topics: Security, Police, Security guard, Surveillance, Physical security / Pages: 6 (1272 words) / Published: Jul 4th, 2011
Running Head: Evolution of Private Security

Evolution of Private Security
Zachary Cuonzo
Kaplan University

Professor Preston
March 16, 2011 The end of the Second World War saw an increase in the awareness of individual rights such as the right to be protected from harm at all costs. Though the demand for private security arose in ancient times, the Second World War heightened its demand and saw the evolution of private security practice boom into a multibillion industry all over the world. The war made the people wary of sabotage and espionage which as the order of the day making the need for security high. The demand for private security was especially high at the war production plants, with each claiming to be involved in classified government affairs. The public police system failed the test because there was rampant crime and it became clear that the police were unable to meet all security needs of the keen public. This lead to the demand for privatized security services that offered loyalty of the security provider who could be trusted to be vigilant and effective at all times. Thousands of men were trained to into law enforcement officers by the military. The FBI, immigration and other federal agents were spreading out so as to deal with the cases of crime, espionage and sabotage. The war lead to great loss and destruction of property and it was necessary to contract the services of private security to assist in the building and reconstruction process. Progress could only be noted if the civilians felt secure. This large pool of military agents, plant security officers and intelligence officers was available after the war and they were ready to offer their wartime gained skills for more use in the ready and receptive civilians. The war saw the rise of the preventive philosophy approach to matters of security. The Burdeau v. McDowell, 254 U.S 465 Supreme Court case of 1921 dealing with the application of constitutional prohibitions

References: Christman J., (2003). History of Private Security, Part 2, Retrieved on October 19, 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.iapsc.org/directory/publications/christman2.html Fisher J. F., (2008). Introduction to Security, Elsevier, London. Garcia M., (2001). The Design and Evaluation of Physical Protection Systems, Elsevier, London. Pastor, J. F., (2003). The Privatization of Police in America: An Analysis and Case Study, McFarland & Company, NY. State Farm Insurance (2006). Security Alarms Systems, Retrieved on October 19, 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.statefarm.com/learning/be_safe/home/burglary/learning_besafe_athm_homealrms.asp

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