Evolution of Medicaid and Medicare

Topics: Medicare, Health insurance, Lyndon B. Johnson Pages: 3 (1024 words) Published: August 25, 2013
Here in the United States there are millions of senior citizens who can’t afford health care coverage or they are disabled and not able to work. In 1965 Due to the large number of people without health care President Lyndon B. Johnson created a means to serve a certain group of people who did not have health care coverage. Medicaid and Medicare were added to the Social Security Act in that same year. The government programs which came about are called Medicaid and Medicare. Medicaid and Medicare were setup to provide medical and health related services to a group here in the United States. Although Medicaid and Medicare are two different programs, they both are managed by the centers for Medicaid and Medicare services which is a division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. Medicare is a social insurance program that serves more than 44 million people. Medicaid is social welfare that serves about 40 million people. The overall goal is to discuss in brief detail the background of the programs and describe how they have evolved over the last forty years.

The initial reason behind Medicare was to provide health insurance to the United States senior citizens beginning in 1966. After more than forty years the Medicare program is now available to more than 42 million people. Again the Medicare program was designed for senior citizens but it is also available to serve individuals under the age of 65 who are deemed permanently disabled. Medicare is health insurance that pays hospital and medical care for these individuals. Medicare consists of two main parts, Part A and Part B and also two additional parts, Part C and Part D. Medicare Part A is the hospital insurance that helps pay for hospital stays, including meals, supplies, testing and semi private rooms. Medicare Part A also pays home health care. Part A is normally available without having to pay a monthly premium since payroll taxes are used to cover these costs. Medicare Part B is...

References: Medicare and Medicaid" The Oxford Companion to American Law. Kermit L. Hall, ed. Oxford University Press 2002. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press Apollo Group. 18 August2009
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