Evolution of Cognitive Psychology as a Discipline

Topics: Psychology, Cognitive psychology, Mind Pages: 4 (1073 words) Published: July 7, 2012
Evolution of Cognitive Psychology as a Discipline

Evolution of Cognitive Psychology as a Discipline

This paper will cover cognition and what it means; this paper will also look at interdisciplinary perspective as it relates to cognitive psychology. Then the paper will describe the emergence of cognitive psychology as a discipline. And last the paper will assess the effects of the decline of behaviorism on the discipline of cognitive psychology. Hopefully once every one is done reading the paper they will have a better understanding of cognitive psychology. Cognition

Cognition is typically referred to as the procedure of obtaining, retaining, using and applying information or knowledge. It can sometimes be defined as the science of knowing. Cognition “refers to all processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used” (Neisser, 1967). When defined broadly, cognition includes the processing of emotions; however, if defined narrowly, it excludes emotion processing. Cognition includes all the mental processes. For example, attaining knowledge and understanding, thinking, remembering, assuming, perceiving, judging and even analytical problem-solving are all part of cognition. Given such a comprehensive definition, it is evident that cognition is concerned in everything a human being might probably do; every psychological experience is a cognitive experience. However, although cognitive psychology is related to all human activity rather than a few segments of it, the apprehension is that it is from a specific point of view yet other viewpoints are evenly justifiable and essential. The Interdisciplinary Perspective & Emergence of Cognitive Psychology As well as being part of psychology as a whole, cognitive psychology is also part of the more general interdisciplinary subject of cognitive science. Cognitive science is the...

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Eysenck, M.W. and Keane, M. T. (2000). Cognitive Psychology, 4th Edn. Hove: Psychology Press.
LeDoux, J. E. (1995). Emotion: Clues from the brain. Annual Reviews of Psychology, 46, 209-235.
Neisser, U. (1967). Cognitive psychology. Meredith Publishing Company.
Williamson, T. (2006). Can cognition be factorized into internal and external components? In R. J. Stainton (Ed.), Contemporary debates in cognitive science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing
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