TAMPERE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Faculty of Business and Technology Management
EVOLUTION OF LIGHT TECHNOLOGY
Case Study TETA 1507: Technology Management
Group Members: Muhammad Iqbal Adnan Saleem Muhammad Usama Mazhar Kashif Ihsan Khattak Muhammad Imran Anwar
Light has started from the sunlight and moonlight, and then the fire has changed the concept of light. Humans made torches from wooden sticks, lamps from rocks, bones and pottery, candles from bee wax, oil lamps and gas lamps but fire was common thing in all these eras which actually produced light. Discovery of electricity made the light enter into new era of technology. Thomas Edison invented the incandescent bulb and then the technology of bulb evolves continuously due to socio cultural and technological trends. Now sophisticated LED bulbs are in the markets which are efficient, cheap, long lasting and reliable. Invention of bulb had great impact on the society because it increased working hours, workplace safety, home safety, leisure hours and leisure activities. In this research paper we have examined the evolution of light from the starting of life on earth, and then the journey of light from natural light sources to sophisticated artificial sources of light and light systems.
Studying the basic concepts of Technology Management as a part of the course of the International Master’s degree program at TUT motivated us to select this case study topic as an assignment task. This paper discusses the concepts of “Evolution of light technology”, its phases and the latest trends and technologies that are related to it.
We would like to thank Dr. Dedehayir Ozgur for the knowledge sharing and guidance throughout the process of our work. Tampere, May 2013 Muhammad Iqbal Adnan Saleem Muhammad Usama Mazhar Kashif Ihsan Khattak Muhammad Imran Anwar
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABSTRACT ______________________________________________________ ii PREFACE _______________________________________________________ iii 1 INTRODUCTION ____________________________________________ 1 1.1 1.2 Background __________________________________________________ 1 Objective of the paper __________________________________________ 2
EVOLUTION OF LIGHT BULB TECHNOLOGY _________________ 3
2.1 2.2 2.3 Evolution of light bulb __________________________________________ 3 Evolution of incandescent light bulb to sophisticated light systems _____ 6 Efficiency and Life Analysis of Bulbs _____________________________ 8
LATEST TRENDS IN LIGHT TECHNOLOGY __________________ 10
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Changing structure and growth of light bulb technology ____________ 10 Socio-ecological impact analysis ________________________________ 12 Technological trends for light bulb ______________________________ 14 Competitive analysis __________________________________________ 15
FUTURE PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE TECHNOLOGY: _________ 18
4.1 Technology Forecasting _______________________________________ 18
4.2 Environmental factors and market drivers for evolution of light bulb technology: _______________________________________________________ 19 4.3 Global strategy : ______________________________________________ 22
CONCLUSION ______________________________________________ 25
REFERENCES __________________________________________________ 26
Evolution of light has seen many eras of technology but it started from sun and moon. Sunlight and moon light were the only sources of light to start the life on earth. Man used to live in open spaces and there was always the danger of life from other species. Taking fire as gift from heavens man started making fire torches for its safety and illumination of caves. Then he made the lamps out of different materials to make this technology cheap and efficient. Light from fire remained in the life of humans for centuries but the sources kept on changing. Candle made from bee wax where the...
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