Evil in Lord of the Flies
Evil is a description of something that causes harm, discomfort, repulsion and injury to another. The statement ‘man produces evil as a bee produces honey’ is relevant in the understanding of human nature. Bees produce honey as it is a natural instinct and in that same way, humans produce evil. Humans only produce evil naturally and do not produce goodness. Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a clear representation of a group of boys regressing to their animal states because of the evil they produce naturally. Evil takes on many forms in this novel primarily though the need for power, the absence of rules and the increasing distance from society. Through the uses of allegory, foreshadowing and symbolism Golding states that evil is a part of human nature as honey is a part of a bee’s nature. One of the forms evil takes in this novel is through power and corruption within Jack, contrasting with the leadership and direction Ralph provides. Jack and Ralph are the biggest boys on the island. Ralph is elected leader, which angers Jack. After being elected leader Ralph suggests “‘Jack’s in charge of the choir. They can be- what do you want them to be?’ ‘Hunters’” Ralph sets up to be a good leader as he takes into account the needs and desire of his group. Because of Jack’s thirst for power, he starts persuading the others that Ralph is not a suitable leader so he can become Chief. He says, “‘Who are you, anyway? Sitting there telling people what to do. You can’t hunt, you can’t sing-’ ‘I’m chief. I was chosen.’ ‘Why should choosing make any difference? Just giving orders that don’t make sense-’” Golding creates an allegory symbolising Ralph as a democrat who is given power and Jack as an autocrat who takes power. Ralph became a true leader by taking responsibility for the survival and rescue of the boys. Jack, on the other hand, offers fun and meat to get his power but is willing to harm or kill to keep it. Jack’s desire for power...
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