Evidence based practice (EBP) is an important part of social work. Every social policy and interaction with individuals is based on experience and careful selection of research. Moreover it aims to empower individuals and reduce discrimination. Therefore it promotes productive interactions, which is crucial in this economic climate. Therefore. Social workers have to be competent and confident in analysing the latest research and being able to judge whether it is suitable in practice. Moreover this is supported by Standards of proficiency (SOP) section 14 “Be able to draw on appropriate knowledge and skills to inform practice”.
The aim of this essay is to critically appraise one of the research articles and reflect on what is good evidence based social work practice. Therefore it will have two parts. First part will anaylise the strregnth and weakness provided in the article. Second part will look at an overview of EBP how it fits in social work practice.
CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THE EVIDENCE
Critical appraisal is a systematic way of analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of a research article in order to assess the validity and usefulness of it (Young and Solomon, 2009). Hence to appraise Abendstern et al (2011) article, tools such as Basic Evaluation of a Journal Article (BCU) will be used to guide through the process.
The journal clearly indicates that authors of the article have vast experience in this field and is capable and competent in writing on this subject. According to Conkin & Dale (2005) this information is useful as it could indicate if the researchers have knowledge in the area of study and the ability to ask the appropriate research questions. This was evident in the research question. The title of article is clear, and accurate, which meets the Meehan (1999) set criteria that the title should be about approximately 10 to 15 words long, so that readers are able to understand the nature and purpose of the study. Parahoo (2006) supports this statement and adds that if titles are too long or too short, it could cause confusion and possibly mislead the reader.
The abstract offers a clear overview of the study including the research problem; there are finding and recommendations. However their specific study or how they were going to research this were not mentioned. According to Dale (2005) an abstract should provide and overview of the research and research methods including sample size and selection. However Parahoo (2006) argue the abstract should enable the reader to determine if the study is of interest and whether or not to continue reading, which this article falls in the view of the latter.
Introduction is very comprehensive, gives a good insight into collaboration work and sets the scene using good evidence with up to date references from other authors in this field. Ruane (2005) states that introduction is the literature review in the subject, where authors have excellent understanding of the issues raised by other researchers and opportunity to enhance other studies that were carried out in the past. This allows building on evidence that already exists. Therefore it could safe time and money, which is crucial in today’s climate (REFERENCE). Abendstern et al (2011) used data from national survey conducted in 2006, which is fairly recent this indicates that it is appropriate and relevant for today’s issues (REFERENCE). The purpose of the research is clearly identified and they present the information throughout the article consistently backed up with evidence such as the National Service Framework for Older people, NHS Care Records Service, NHS Continuing care, Registered Nursing Care Contribution (RNCC) and Care Program Approach. The researchers referencing were very comprehensive and accurately referenced to the study. The research study should conclude with an accurate list of all the books; journal articles, reports and other media that were referred to in the work (Polit and...
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