Running head: TEST REVIEW AND CRITIQUE
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is used extensively by educators, counselors, and other professionals. Based on Jung's theory of psychological types, the psychodynamic model of the MBTI is useful for self-understanding and life-long development. MBTI type descriptions characterize 16 types at their best; provide positive, self-affirming goals; and note blind spots and problems to avoid. The MBTI problem-solving model is a useful tool in the counseling process. Finally, counselors who understand the MBTI find it useful for individualizing counseling approaches and strategies to the type preferences of their clients.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI))
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)® developed out of the interests of Katherine Cook Briggs (1875–1968) and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers (1897–1979) in human personality difference. They both read Jung’s Psychological Types shortly after its initial publication in English in 1923 and were prompted, at the outset of the World War II, to try to operationalize the typology that he set out. Their goal was to help people develop a better understanding of themselves and use this knowledge to steer themselves towards more suitable vocations and for understanding their interpersonal interactions. Briggs and Myers thought that the construction of an objective psychometric indicator might, among other things, prove useful in addressing certain pressing military personnel decisions faced at that time in the United States. They also believed that a knowledge of personality preferences would help women who were entering the industrial workforce for the first time identify the sort of war-time jobs where they would be most comfortable and effective (Briggs and Myers. 1980, 1995). The initial questionnaire grew into the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which was first published by Educational Testing Service (ETS) in 1962. The MBTI focuses on normal populations and emphasizes the value of naturally occurring differences. Early forms of the MBTI testing procedure were thus developed in the period 1942 – 44, but it wasn’t until after the war that more systematic research involving medical students, nursing students and other sample occupations was conducted using the MBTI®. Although isolated researchers and clinicians showed some interest in the MBTI as it continued to evolve during the 1960s, it was not until Consulting Psychologists Press included the Indicator in its publication list in 1975 that the approach became widely available and major
commercial success ensued. As a result, it is now the most widely used personality inventory in the world.
The MBTI Complete (R) can be purchased from its publisher, CPP (formerly Consulting Psychologists Press). Prices vary according to quantity ordered, e.g. 1 – 10 cost $53.95 each. Scoring Templates cost between $88.50 and $93.50. Several websites offer online versions of the test.
Among the underlying assumptions of the MBTI is that everyone has preferences. If given the choice between two things, you will always be able to pick one that you prefer. The assumption behind the MBTI is that these preferences do not change; they may have developed differently and masked due to environmental forces, but essentially, they will remain the same. TEST DESCRIPTION
The Myers-Briggs typology model regards personality type as similar to left or right handedness: individuals are either born with, or develop, certain preferred ways of thinking and acting. The MBTI asks the candidate to answer a series of ‘forced-choice’ questions, where one choice identifies you as belonging to one of four paired traits. The...
References: Myers, Isabel Briggs with Peter B. Myers (1980, 1995). Gifts Differing: Understanding
Personality Type. Mountain View, CA: Davies-Black Publishing
Myers, Katharine D.(1987), "Katharine C. Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers: The Women Behind
the MBTI®" JPT Vol. 13.
Lawrence, Gordon (1986), "Issues in the Development of the MBTI®" in JPT Vol.12
MBTI® Manual (Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc., 1998).
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