Evaluate the Claim That Person-Centred Therapy Offers the Therapist All That He/She Will Need to Treat Clients

Topics: Abraham Maslow, Humanistic psychology, Psychology Pages: 15 (2341 words) Published: May 27, 2014
In this essay I will be evaluating the claim that Person-Centred therapy offers the

therapist all that they will need to treat clients. I will examine both sides of the theory, to

include looking at the weaknesses and criticisms of person-centred therapy by other

writers and weigh these up, along with the strengths of using person-centre therapy and

when it will be most suited to treat certain disorders. I will also look at Carl Rogers in

more depth with his views, responses and approaches in treating clients with his theory

and at the different theoretical constructs such as Maslow’s self actualisation, self

concept and conditions of worth when evaluating the person-centred therapy approach.

I will base my answers on the theoretical concepts and techniques presented in class,

along with various literature sources, internet sources and by using my own prior

knowledge. Once I have evaluated both sides of this theory I will then draw up a final

conclusion.

Carl Rogers was an influential American psychologist, who along with Abraham

Maslow, was the founder of the humanistic approach to psychotherapy.

Carl Rogers was born in Illinois, Chicago in 1902, he started his career teaching whilst

earning his MA and latterly a PhD he embarked on the field of child study and based on

his experience in working with troubled children pursued his strong ambition in

constructing his client-centred approach. Rogers went on to become a professor of

clinical psychology and then set up a counselling centre at the University of Chicago in

1945. It was within this counselling centre that Rogers conducted studies to determine the

effectiveness of his methods, and published his findings and theories in one of his best-

known books Client Centred Therapy (1951). Rogers continued his work and

publications throughout the 1960s and with Maslow pioneered the movement of

humanistic psychology, he won many notable awards during his career and even

nominated for the Noble Peace Prize. Carl Rogers died in 1987 at the age of 85 (Good

Therapy.Org 2013).

Person-Centred Therapy, also known as client-centred, non-directive or Rogerian

therapy, is an approach to counselling and psychotherapy that places much of the

responsibility for the treatment process on the client, with the therapist taking a non-

directive role. Person-Centred Therapy (PCT) emphasises on a person to person

relationship between the therapist and the client, with the sole focus on the client’s point

of view and to encourage them to become aware of their feelings without the therapist

advising or making suggestions. The therapist’s role at the beginning of the PCT is to be

non-judgemental and just offer empathy towards the client, this method is to enable the

client to relax and express their inner feelings. Once these feelings are revealed, the

therapist can examine any consistencies and the appropriate feelings can be explored.

Rogers methods are aimed at helping clients to strengthen their inner-self by encouraging

good feelings and allowing negative feelings to be viewed in a more non-threatening

manner and more objectively, through this process it will allow the client to develop their

self-actualisation (Chrysalis Module One 2010).

Self-actualisation is to fulfil one’s potential and achieve the highest level of human-

beingness we can, Carl Rogers believed that this was every human’s basic motive in life

and for this to be achieved they must be in a state of congruence, which is the closer our

self image and ideal self are to each other.

Central to Rogers Theory is the notion of self or self concept, this is defined ‘as the

organised, consistent set of perceptions and beliefs about oneself’. The humanist

approach states that the self is composed of concepts unique to ourselves. The self-

concept includes three...

References: Casemore, Roger (2011) Person Centred Counselling in a nutshell – Second Edition
Sage Publication Ltd
McLeod, S.A. (2007) Carl Rogers – Simply Psychology
Available: http://www.simplypsychology.org/carl-rogers.htlm
[25 October 2013]
Miller, Dr Michael (2006) Client Centred Therapy: Under the Microscope on Harvard Mental Health [Online]
Mulhauser, Dr Greg (2011) Person Centred Counselling on Counselling Resource [Online]
Available: http://counsellingresource.com/lib/therapy/types/person-centred/
[23 October 2013]
Rogers, C (1951) Client Centred Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory
London: Constable
“Carl Rogers Biography” page on Good Therapy.Org (21st August 2013) [Online]
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