EV Fleets

Topics: Fleet, Electric car, Fleet vehicle Pages: 106 (11951 words) Published: October 16, 2014
EV Fleets
Sustainable Business Leadership Capstone Project

Presented to:
Mark Giltrow

Program Head

Sustainable Business Leadership
Mark Taylor

Present By:
Andrew Gee
Vick Sahota

Russ Brownlow

May 5th, 2014

Project Contacts
1st Floor, 470 Granville Street

555 Seymour Street

Fraser Basin Council

British Columbia Institute of Technology

Vancouver, BC V6C 1V5

Vancouver, BC V6B 3H6

T: 604 488-5350
F: 604 488-5351

E: info@fraserbasin.bc.ca

Charlotte Argue

T: 604 434-5734
F: 604 687-2488
Mark Giltrow,

Client Contact

Faculty Advisor

Assistant Manager,

E: mark.giltrow@bcit.ca

T: 604 488-5369

E: cargue@fraserbasin.bc.ca

Steve Yallouz,

E: syallouz@my.bcit.ca

Team Members
Mark Taylor

Vick Sahota

Andrew Gee

Russ Brownlow

T: 778 997-3408

E: mark.marshall.taylor@gmail.com
T: 778 317-8892

E: hi@andrewgee.ca

T: 604 351-6485

E: vshp@hotmail.com
T: 604 37405569

E: russdbrownlow@gmail.com

Executive Summary
This report presents the findings of a study conducted by a group of students in the BCIT Sustainable Business Leadership program. The purpose of the study was to identify the

barriers/opportunities (perceived and real) fleet managers face in adopting electric vehicles

(EVs) in their fleets; and to provide at least one organization with the business case of replacing

one conventional vehicle(s) with an electric vehicle(s) in their fleet.

The study involved surveying fleet operators involved in an electric vehicle (EV) Suitability Assessment program, which data logged their existing fleet vehicles, then displayed the data

alongside ‘best-fit’ EVs for fleet operators to better understand potential cost savings by

switching to EVs. The two surveys, which were designed to have identical questions, were sent

out prior-to and after receiving their findings from the EV Suitability Assessment to uncover the perceived and real barriers the fleet operators face in adopting as well as the impact the suitability assessment had in general.

The findings concluded that the suitability assessment had the most impact in quantifying the reduction in GHGs when utilization was sufficiently high enough; understanding which EVs

were a ‘best fit’ for the participants particular duty cycle, understanding how their fleet is being used on a daily basis; and justifying the range capability and total cost of ownership for EVs.

The biggest real barrier in adopting electric vehicles within this sample is the suitability and function of the current selection of EVs on the market today and insufficient duty cycle ranges. The major perceived barriers were the upfront costs of charging stations when factored into the total cost of ownership.

An “EV Calculator” was built from scratch taking into account nine variables to calculate total

cost of ownership of an EV versus a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE). The calculator takes into account the full lifecycle of the vehicle itself, including maintenance and fuel/electricity costs plus the lifecycle of the required charging stations which includes capital and installation costs. With these variables it was determined that a positive return on

i

Executive Summary
investment (ROI) could only be achieved if it falls into three categories. These three categories

are based upon the variables, of average range per day, fuel costs and refresh rate. If each of these variables do not fall within very specific ranges, the ROI is not positive.

ii

Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

Section #1: Background.......................................................................................................... 1 Why...
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