Euthanasia

Topics: Euthanasia, Death, Medicine Pages: 12 (2885 words) Published: April 28, 2015


Physician-Assisted suicide and Euthanasia

Contents

1.Hypothesis………………………………………………………………………………. 3 2.Abstract………………………………………………………………………………….. 3 3.Literature review………………………………………………………………………… 3 4.Background……………………………………………………………………………… 5 4.1Distinguish between active and passive euthanasia…………………………………….. 5 4.2Arguments for and against for the euthanasia and assisted suicide……....……………… 6 5.Methodology………………………………………………………………………….….. 7 6.Results………………………………………………………………………………….… 7 6.1 Online questionnaire……………………………………………………………………… 7 6.2 Expert interview……...………………………………………………………………….. 7 7.Analysis and Conclusion………………………………………………………………… 8 8.Recommendation………………………………………………………………………… 9 9.Bibliography…………………………………………………………………….……… 10 Appendix 1………………………….…………………………………………………………… 11 Appendix 2 ……………………………………………………………………………………… 12



1.Hypothesis

Majority of people all around the world want to have a choice before a death and they are in favor of legalization of euthanasia and physical-assisted suicide.

2.Abstract

The research was carried to investigate the issue of legalization of euthanasia and also how people support the legalization. The study is based on the hypothesis that most people are in favor of the legalization of euthanasia in their countries. This research provides background information about different types of euthanasia, the arguments in favor of the legalization and the arguments in favor of the ban on legalization. The background information was gathered from reliable academic sources. The research essay was based on an online survey and an expert interview to test the hypothesis. 55% of respondents said that the legalization of euthanasia is the right decision and voted for its legalization, which confirms the chosen hypothesis.

The results of the research may not be completely reliable, because the study has several biases. The main deviation is the number of respondents, which is not enough to produce reliable results. In addition, the study provides recommendations for further research on the legalization of euthanasia, as well as recommendations for the governments on this issue.

3.Literature review

The American Medical Dictionary (2007) gives a definition of euthanasia as ‘a termination of human life in order to get rid of their pain and suffering in terminal illness.’ Euthanasia is also defined as an intentional act or omission of health care, which is carried out in accordance with a clearly and unambiguously expressed request of the informed patient or his legal representative to end the physical and psychological suffering of patients undergoing medical priority in life-threatening condition, which occurs as a result of his death (Boyd, 2005).

The question of the legalization of the physical assisted suicide (PAS) and active euthanasia (AE) is one of the controversial issues. Magnusson (2003) argues that the key point of the debate lies in how to regulate the rules, which can make this process clear and understandable for society. According to Magnusson (2003), the problem of PAS and AE caused much controversy among physicians, lawyers, sociologists and psychologists. Analyzing the situation, Jochemsem (2001) states that now the actual question is not about allowing or not to allowing doctors to use euthanasia, but it is about when and under what conditions it should be used and how to organize the control of the legality of its implementation.

Mangusson (2003) shows the differences between active and passive euthanasia and voluntary and involuntary. According to him, passive euthanasia is expressed the fact that the provision to stop life-prolonging medical treatment is accelerates the natural death. Also, passive euthanasia can be considered as the patient's right to refuse treatment, surgery, taking drugs. An active euthanasia, by Mangusson, means the introduction of dying of any drug or other means...

Bibliography: 1. The American Heritage Medical Dictionary, 2007. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company
2
3. Jochemsen H, 2001 Why euthanasia should not be legalized [online]
Available at: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-94-015-9682-4_5
5. Andrew D. Boyd, 2005. Physical-assisted suicide: for and against. University of Texas Southwestern at Dallas. [online]
Available at: http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2012/spring/4564-physician-assisted-euthanasia.html
7. Davies J, 2002. The unbearable pain of being. The Age. [online]
Available at: http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2002/05/30/1022569814458.html
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