Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide
The word "Euthanasia" comes from the greek terms "eu" (beautiful) and "thanatos" (death), thus implying a beautiful death or a "mercy" killing. Euthanasia is the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering. There are two tipes of euthanasia, active euthanasia and passive euthanasia. Passive euthanasia is where a doctor or another person does nothing to prevent death, therefore allowing the person to die. Active euthanasia, is when a doctor or another person takes direct action to cause death. In essay “ Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide : It’s murder in the First Degree“, Autumn Buzzel, the author, states that active euthanasia and assisted suicide is murder and shouldn’t be allowed because it is not natural and extremely unethical. I agree with Miss Buzzel opinion that active euthanasia and assisted suicide should be banned.
Some people who support euthanasia and assisted suicide states that euthanasia and assisted suicide is “painless inducement of a quick death” (Kohl: 1974). But in fact, as Autumn Buzzel states in her essay, “medical killing of sick persons would create far more distress, suffering and pain, directly and indirectly, than it would relieve.”. Take for instance, the case of Kate Cheyney that mentioned in Autumn Buzzel’s essay. Kate Cheyney died by physician assisted suicide. It was not the clean-cut death of dignity. It took an hour of pain for her death to be complete.
In my religion, Islam, euthanasia and assisted suicide is not allowed because it is categorized a designed murder (al-qatlu al-‘amad), even the reason is to relieve pain and suffering. It is also banned even the patient requested it. Allah has mentioned it in holy Quran in Surah An-nisa:92, “And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake...”, and Surah An-nisa:29, “ ...and do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful”.