What impact did European settlement have on the indigenous population of Australia? European settlement had a severe and devastating impact on Indigenous people. Their dispossession of the land, exposure to new diseases and involvement in violent conflict, resulted in the death of a vast number of the Aboriginal peoples. The small percentage of Aboriginal people who did not die during these early decades of the colony, were not unaffected. The impact of the white settlers changed their lives Disease:
While the British settlers had a hand in the intentional eradication of the Aboriginal peoples, the settlers were also accidentally responsible for their deaths during times of peaceful contact. When the settlers arrived in Australia they brought with them a number of European epidemic diseases. These diseases included chickenpox, smallpox, typhoid, measles and influenza. The Aboriginal peoples had no immunity to these unfamiliar diseases. Loss of land:
Not long after the First Fleet arrived in New South Wales, overseas governments began to grant, lease and sell land to white settlers. As the prosperity of the overseas wool industry increased, more settlers arrived in the gathering to stake their claims on grazing land from which they could amass their own fortunes. The fading availability of suitable land resulted in a number of voyages to search for more fertile grazing land. Loss of culture:
in 1770, the Australian Aboriginal's culture and way of life dramatically changed when Lieutenant James Cook took possession of the east coast of Australia and named it New South Wales. The British colonisation of Australia began 18 years later, which was a terrible event for indigenous Australians. The Europeans spread epidemic diseases The British settlement then took land and water resources from the Australian Aborigine, and was ignorant in their assumption that the semi-nomadic Aborigines could be driven off and made to live somewhere else. In fact, the loss of...
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