European Neighborhood Policy: a Huge Breakthrough or Fruitless Ambitions?
By: Emil Mirzoiev
Student Number: 40164
Date of Submission:
May 25, 2014
In the context of the prospect enlargement in 2004, in year 2003 the EU faced the future challenge of the new borders of the community and therefore new countries on its Eastern border. Eight new member states have brought six new countries closer to the union. Hence, the post-enlargement situation with redrawn boundaries of the EU forced EU authorities in 2003 to develop a framework for the future cooperation. The whole new approach was needed towards its foreign policy and foreign affairs. This is the point where ENP (European Neighborhood Policy) came into being. However, dealing with Eastern European countries is not the only one primary objective of the ENP. Another important sphere of interest concerns North African countries which are members of the UfM (Union for the Mediterranean) also known as the Barcelona Process. The ENP itself operates within 16 countries, namely Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, Ukraine. Out of these countries only 12 fully participate in ENP activities while, Algeria is currently negotiating an ENP action plan and Belarus, Libya and Syria remain outside most of the structures of ENP. At the same time, only 7 countries geographically belong to the North Africa, including: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. Therefore, in order to examine the impact of the ENP in the North Africa, it is important to delineate in a more comprehensive way what is the ENP, and what is the essence of the civilian power which it is based on. How they both are implemented and how they correlate with North African countries. Consequently after examining the theoretical basis of the issue it is necessary to conduct the empirical research of the impact of the ENP on the mentioned above countries and examine to what extent the ENP has influenced them and whether or not it was a successful impact. To start with, the official web-site of the EU suggests that: “Through its European Neighborhood Policy, the EU works with its southern and eastern neighbors to achieve the closest possible political association and the greatest possible degree of economic integration. This goal builds on common interests and on values — democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights, and social cohesion.” In addition to, this cooperation is based on the acceptance of the partner countries commitment to democracy, rule of law, human rights, good governance, sustainable development and market economy principles. In this vein, the EU warmly welcomes current achievements of these principles based on the mutual work towards these objectives. However, concerning the practical aspect and implementation of these goals, there are certain dissonances among the 7 North African countries which participate in the ENP. Despite the fact, that the same aims have been set up for all these countries, the fact is that each of them responds differently to various treatments of the ENP, like: the financial support, economic integration, easier travel to the EU and technical and policy support. Therefore, the current state of these countries may be described as “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly” as Federica Bicchi would put it. (Bicchi, 2010, p. 206) Hence, this essay will focus on one country which may be regarded as The Good, The Bad or The Ugly. The Good is Morocco, in the past decade it has achieved huge success in development of relations with EU. The Bad is Tunisia, which has achieved partial success, while there are still troubles with some hot issues. The Ugly is Algeria, which had not developed the desirable level of cooperation, even though it is formally mentioned within the...
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Smith, Karen, 2005. Still ‘civilian power EU?’ London: London School of Economics
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