Topics: Europe, European Union, Portugal, Spain, France / Pages: 8 (2219 words) / Published: Nov 2nd, 2014
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting the Black and Aegean Seas. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean and other bodies of water to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Black Sea and connected waterways to the southeast. Yet the borders of Europe—a concept dating back to classical antiquity—are somewhat arbitrary, as the primarily physiographic term "continent" can incorporate cultural and political elements.

Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area, covering about 10,180,000 square kilometers or 2% of the Earth's surface and about 6.8% of its land area. Of Europe's approximately 50 states, Russia is the largest by both area and population (although the country has territory in both Europe and Asia), while the Vatican City is the smallest. Europe is the third-most populous continent after Asia and Africa, with a population of 733 million or about 11% of the world's population. In 1900, Europe's share of the world's population was 25%.

List of Countries in Europe
The list below includes all entities falling even partially under any of the various common definitions of Europe, geographic or political.
Name of country Area
(km²) Population Population density
(per km²) Capital
Albania 28,748 3,600,523 125.2 Tirana
Andorra 468 68,403 146.2 Andorra la Vela
Armenia 29,800 3,229,900 101 Yerevan
Austria 83,858 8,169,929 97.4 Vienna
Azerbaijan 86,600 9,000,000 97 Baku
Belarus 207,600 10,335,382 49.8 Minsk
Belgium 30,510 10,274,595 336.8 Brussels
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129 3,843,126 75.2 Sarajevo
Bulgaria 110,910 7,621,337 68.7 Sofia
Croatia 56,542 4,437,460 77.7 Zagreb
Cyprus 9,251 788,457 85 Nicosia
Czech Republic

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