Year 12 Religion
Ethics and Morality Assignment
Ethical Issue: War
Ethical Frameworks: Situation Ethics and Duty-Based Ethics
Teacher: Mr Marendy
If you ask anyone, they will give you their opinion, their view on war. Whether they believe its right, its wrong, or if they think it is all based on the situation at hand. Wars have been going on since the beginning and they are still going on today, but are they being fought for a purpose? Are they being fought due to a situation that has arisen? This essay will discuss two ethical frameworks and how they apply to the same issue. The ethical issue that will be discussed throughout this essay is that of ‘War’, and the frameworks that surround it are Situation Ethics and the Duty-Based Ethics.
Situation ethics is when a choice is made based on the circumstances at hand. In situation ethics there is no right or wrong answer as each circumstance has different outcomes. “Situation ethics rejects prefabricated decisions and prescriptive rules'. It teaches that ethical decisions should follow flexible guidelines rather than absolute rules, and be taken on a case by case basis.” (http://www.bbc.co.uk/, 2014). This ethical framework provides so much discussion as each situation that evolves will have a reaction, and the challenge is to choose the least harmful or problematic option; it all depends on the situation. The situation ethics surrounding war is if it’s right to fight against a country. There was recently a situation whether or not it was right for the USA to invade Syria for using chemical weapons. The outcome was that the USA did not end up going to war, as it would cause more damage then what has already happened. Although Barack Obama, the president of the USA, did apprehend the chemical weapons so cases like this did not happen again.
Duty-based ethics is when someone does the right thing even though it may cause more harm then...
Bibliography: BBC. "Duty-Based Ethics." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. .
BBC. "Situation Ethics." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. .
Whittaker, Matt. Soldier in Afghanistan. 2011. Afghanistan. Http://static.guim.co.uk/. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. .
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