Team Writing Notes:
Journal of Military Ethics Writing Guidelines (This journal uses a pseudoAPA style for citations that will need to be entered manually; see the following link for details and citation guidance): http://www.tandfonline.com/action/authorSubmission?journalCode=smil20&page=instructions#. VNDbV2jVofx
TEAM COLOR CODE
Ethical Leadership; Joint Force; Military Ethics training and development; Multinational; Profession of Arms
MILITARY ETHICS: THE JOINT FORCE’S MOST ESSENTIAL UNIFORM
FOR SUBMISSION TO
JOURNAL OF MILITARY ETHICS
Major Peter J. Reiley, USAF
Major Morina Foster, USMC
Lieutenant Colonel Fouad El Hayek, LAF
Joint Forces Staff College
Joint and Combined Warfighting School
Faculty Advisor: Teresa Dicks
A submission to the Faculty of the Joint and Combined Warfighting School in partial satisfaction of the requirements for Joint Professional Military Education Phase II. The contents of this submission reflect our writing team’s original views and are not necessarily endorsed by the Joint Forces Staff College or the Department of Defense.
MILITARY ETHICS: THE JOINT FORCE’S MOST ESSENTIAL UNIFORM INTRODUCTION
A shared standard of just and honorable military ethics unites the U.S. Armed Forces, keeps the faith of the American people, and strengthens critical bonds with allies and partner nations around the world. Military ethics is the Joint Force’s most essential uniform, but it has been stained by cases of ethical misconduct throughout the ranks. While many military members have dedicated their lives to the honorable service of their nation, these destructive incidents have undermined the trust that the American people placed in the U.S. Military and damaged its integrity in the eyes of the world. Prominent ethical transgressions in the force’s highest positions have even compromised internal trust, which is a unifying element of the military profession and essential to the chain of command. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Martin E. Dempsey, has called for a renewed commitment to the Profession of Arms that emphasizes trust and leadership, and is defined by ethics, standards of excellence, code of conduct, and professional values that sustain the Joint Force’s commitment to the rule of law (Dempsey 2012a; 2014). Prior to stepping down as Secretary of Defense, Secretary Chuck Hagel added to this traditional, topdown approach to cultivating military ethics by appointing a senior general officer to serve as an Ethics Czar for the forces and stem the tide of these growing ethical issues (Garamone 2014a; 2014b). It is important to recognize, however, that ethical transgressions are merely visible symptoms; the Joint Force must equip itself to better understand and defend against their root causes. This effort should combine topdown methods that leverage the talents of top senior officers with a more bottomup approach that taps into the vital support and perspectives of military members at lower levels.
As the U.S. Armed Forces strive to address underlying ethical concerns, this effort must also be framed in an increasingly expansive, multinational environment that is shared by international allies and partner nation forces. General Dempsey’s (2012b: 6) Capstone Concept for the future of Joint Operations emphasized that ‘globally integrated operations place a premium on partnering’. While military operations exist within a broader constellation of national powers, which also rely on other governmental and nongovernmental organizations, indigenous cultures, and regional stakeholders, a critical element of globally integrated ...
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