EITHER SHARE OR UNSHARE!
Throughout many years technology has been through a very speedy improvement and innovation stage and internet is one of the mostly improved products of technology. Use of internet has been increased by an enormous amount and its use depends on the demand of the user. Commercial use of internet includes many different areas and by the use of internet several vital programmes have been developed to aid businesses and make tasks easier, files easily and quickly accessible. Peer to peer computing can easily be said to be one of the most widely benefited network by businesses throughout the world. Peer to peer computing has been defined through several different definitions and the most common and appropriate one can be seen as is as follows; Peer to Peer networking or computing is a system which distributes the workloads and tasks among peers. Simply in other words it is a network through which the load of work and the assigning of tasks are done evenly. The use of this network the peers are even users and they are equally privileged. The users of the worldwide shared resource, internet, are aware of the fact that the flow of information and documents are controlled by the servers and hosting companies, whereas with this networking system the peers can make their resources available to other users of the network as much as they wish. With the resource the system can provide the processing power, disk storage, network bandwidth and many others and these do not require the coordination of the controllers of internet such as the suppliers and servers of this indescribable service. Talking about the providers or in other words the hosts of internet, there are millions of them, however the number was not as high as today back in the days of the innovation of internet. Along with the internet which first came into being as a peer to peer networking in the 1960s, in the 1994s came appeared the network model and this massive improvement has reached its peak in five years. Today, people can send packets from one end of the world to the other within seconds with the use of the services that technology has provided to human beings. Simply peer to peer networking is the application which allows the internet users to share information among themselves, resources or documents with others via the network protocol. Talking about the history of this service, it is reasonable to say that humans, their interests in the new technology and reducing the workload on humans and rather loading it on the machinery and programs has lead the services such as internet and technology to get into a better state and therefore improve. Peer to peer networking started to become popular; when a large proportion of the world population showed interest and intensively used Naphster to have an access to the music they wanted to listen to. It was a lot easier than walking into a store and buying the CD you were after and the cause of this is the instant and fast access that such networks provide to people in all around the world. As the technology has got better and this network has stated to be used by more than millions of people, the laws came into being and they tried to be controlled by several of them. Some networks has become legal however there are so many more which are not legal and users of internet have access to it. As stated above, without referencing to Napster it is impossible to talk about the history of the Peer to Peer networking because it is the application which has enabled it to become the most popular network over a night. Shawn Fanning who was a 19 years old college student left university at his freshman year to work on the application called Naphster. He was frustrated with the difficulty of sharing or exchange music and other online materials on digital world. Working on the demand of the internet users, he has combined the instant messaging system of IRC, Microsoft’s and Unix’s file transferring functions,...
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6- Greenwood Publishing Group
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