This paper is going to define ethics and examine the concept of the risk and benefit ratio. Research on animals is an ethical topic and concern to researchers in the psychology field. Testing on animals is a controversial issue and in response to this ethical dilemma the American Psychological Association (APA), is a specialized association that represents psychologists in the United States, has designed rules and guidelines that must be followed. This author will try to look at how the testing of animal has influence psychological research.
Ethics are useful in order to lead investigators around ethical situations that may arise when carrying out research. A typical illustration would be to prevent from telling the people of a specific study what researchers are testing and looking for. In what instances is it acceptable and when is it not? Developing ethics in research can help guide researchers when deciding answers to those types of questions. (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister, & Zechmeister, 2009) Ethics is a set of guidelines that people are asked to follow and in the United States ethics is often directly related to a law, for example; murdering someone is against the law and considered unethical by most.
When conducting scientific research researchers are looking for a fact or trying to prove a theory and declare it the truth. To obtain that type of answer the research conducted must be ethical. (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister, & Zechmeister, 2009) If the research starts off with a lie than the entire research project would be at jeopardy. Searching for the truth is not an easy task because researchers are human, and sometimes truths differ, this is when the APA code of ethics is an important tool for researchers. The APA's code of ethics guides researchers to evaluate ethical dilemmas when conducting research. Some of the dilemmas that may arise are weighing the benefits and risks associated with the use of deception in regard to participants and the use of...
References: American Psychological Association. (2009). Board of Scientific Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org
Fisher, K. (1986). Animal research: Few alternatives seen for behavioral studies. APA Monitor, 17(3), 16-17. Retrieved from PsycEXTRA database
Pope, K., & Vetter, V. (1992). Ethical dilemmas encountered by members of the American Psychological Association: A national survey. American Psychologist, 47(3), 397-411.doi:10.1037/0003-066X.47.3.397.
Shaughnessy, J., Zechmeister, E. B., & Zechmeister, J. S. (2009). Research Methods in Psychology, Eight Edition.
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