Mian Umair Asghar
Global Institute DHA
Ethics are norms or
standards of behavior that
guide moral choices about
our behavior and our
relationships with others.
The goal is to ensure that
no one is harmed or suffers
adverse consequences from
Begin data collection by explaining to
the respondent the benefits expected
from the research.
Explain to the respondents that their
rights and well-being will be
adequately protected, and say how this
will be done.
Be certain that interviewers obtain the
informed consent of the respondent.
Avoid discrimination against colleagues or students on
the basis of sex, race, ethnicity, or other factors that
are not related to their scientific competence and
Strive to avoid bias in experimental design, data
analysis, data interpretation, peer review, personnel
decisions, grant writing, expert testimony, and other
aspects of research where objectivity is expected or
required. Avoid or minimize bias or self-deception.
Disclose personal or financial interests that may affect
Avoid careless errors and negligence; carefully
and critically examine your own work and the
work of your peers. Keep good records of
research activities, such as data collection,
research design, and correspondence with
agencies or journals.
Know and obey relevant laws and institutional
and governmental policies.
5. Animal Care
Show proper respect and care for
animals when using them in research.
Do not conduct unnecessary or poorly
designed animal experiments.
6. Social Responsibility
Strive to promote social good and
prevent or mitigate social harms
through research, public education,
7. Human Subjects Protection
When conducting research on human
subjects, minimize harms and risks
and maximize benefits; respect human
dignity, privacy, and autonomy; take
special precautions with vulnerable
populations; and strive to distribute
the benefits and burdens of research
Strive for honesty in all scientific
communications. Honestly report data,
results, methods and procedures, and
publication status. Do not fabricate, falsify,
or misrepresent data. Do not deceive
colleagues, granting agencies, or the public.
Keep your promises and agreements; act
with sincerity; strive for consistency of
thought and action.
Protect confidential communications,
such as papers or grants submitted for
publication, personnel records, trade or
military secrets, and patient records.
Maintain and improve your own
professional competence and expertise
through lifelong education and learning;
take steps to promote competence in
Share data, results, ideas, tools, resources.
Be open to criticism and new ideas.
13. Respect for Intellectual
Honor patents, copyrights, and other forms
of intellectual property. Do not use
unpublished data, methods, or results
without permission. Give credit where credit
is due. Give proper acknowledgement or
credit for all contributions to research.
14. Responsible Publication
Publish in order to advance research and
scholarship, not to advance just your own
career. Avoid wasteful and duplicative
15. Responsible Mentoring
Help to educate, mentor, and advise
students. Promote their welfare and allow
them to make their own decisions.
16. Respect for colleagues
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