Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics
Virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and demonological ethics are the three main forms of normative ethics. The purpose of this essay is to address some similarities as well as differences between the virtue theory, utilitarianism, and demonological ethics. This essay will describe the differences between how the theories addresses ethics and morality. I will include a personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts to one of the theories.
Virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and demonological ethics are three main forms of normative ethics. Virtue ethics puts emphasis on moral character and demonological ethics emphasis on duties or rules. Utilitarianism puts emphasis on the consequences of one’s actions. Virtue ethics involves internalizing a set of virtues, such as courage or discipline. These virtues show expression through behavior. According to virtue ethics one’s intentions to act ethically significantly matter. Virtue ethics concern is not only about one’s actions, it is also about what kind of person one strives to be. Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism, which means the moral worth of an action finds meaning by its outcome. It is about generating the greatest good for the greatest number of people. One benefit of this theory is that it takes consequences into account. Utilitarianism seeks to promote human good. This theory also provides the guidance for behavior, enabling people to know what qualifies as the normal choice. Deontological ethics states that human beings have a moral obligation to follow certain principles. Deontological ethics judges the morality of an action based on the actions adherences to a rule. This form of ethics uses rules and duties to determine what is right. Deontological ethics opposes consequentialism. Deontology maintains the wrongness of the action by determining the kind of action that it is, rather than the...
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