University of Phoenix
This paper will compare the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. This comparison will provide a description of the differences in how each theory addresses ethics and morality, and a personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories. Virtue theory states that person’s character is the deciding factor in ethical decisions. Virtue ethics applies that the thoughts and feelings of a person will guide their thought process through ethical decisions. Living life and being the right kind of person is essential to virtue ethics. This theory puts a persons needs, wants, and desires first and unlike utilitarianism and deontological ethics is based on self-thoughts and needs. Deontological theory is the ethics of moral duty or to do what is right, because it is the right thing to do. Following the rules, or policy of an organization is the essence of deontological ethics. As a person addresses ethical decisions, deontological ethics plays the role of making the decision based on, “What do the rules say?” In comparison, someone using deontological ethics will bypass their own needs in favor of what is right according to the rules and policies that they are led by. Utilitarianism theory provides that any action the creates the most good with the least consequences is the ultimate goal of ethical decisions. Utilitarianism contrasts to deontological theory in that it focuses on the consequences of an action being the determining factor in the end decision. This writer must make decisions daily based on deontological ethics. Situations arise in the work environment that determine that decisions be based on the rules and policies of the workplace. Employees often exceed the allowed number of days off, in this...
References: Manias, N., Monroe, D., & Till, J. E. (2013). Ethics Applied (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Learning Solutions.
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