Ethics and Social Justice Issues Within the United Nations

Topics: United Nations, Human rights, Universal Declaration of Human Rights Pages: 12 (4163 words) Published: August 25, 2013
Ethics and Social Justice Issues within the United Nations

Abstract
Equity and social justice issues have become a global challenge that the world over is confronted with. It has got to a point that even international efforts and systems put in place have become overwhelmed with theories than realities. The United Nations which has purposely been formed to address human rights and social justice issues has in itself been bedeviled with gross inequalities and injustices. Attempt is made to show case some pitfalls on ethical and social justice issues within the UN systems and the agencies that all work to meeting its mandate of creating a peaceful world. A careful attention is drawn to the organizational setting of the United Nations with greater emphasis on its Secretariat, the Security Council, and the International Criminal Court. An in depth analysis have been made on issues such as human rights, equality, liberty, and justice that have caused divided opinions among many of its members, including some of its own staff members. Effort is made at highlighting some of the challenges that tend to undercut the mission of the organization and brief commentary of how a select class of UN super power under the banner of the UN Security Council has heightened controversies and the extent to which global debates have intensified. In concluding this discussion are analytical thoughtfulness, in my opinion, that aimed at providing positive global effects in the form of recommendations. A thoughtful review through an open mind should, in other words, challenge a thought process that transcend beyond ones comfort state of mind. It is anticipated, nonetheless, that the prevailing social justice issues compounded by mistrust can be ameliorated within this august body.

Introduction

In order to promote and ensure world peace, the United Nation was founded in 1945 when the United Nations charter was drafted and signed. Before then, there was the League of Nations which was established to maintain peace and cooperation between world nations. The League of Nations was founded in 1919 after the First World War to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security. But the purpose of its establishment could hardly be realized as social equity and human rights issues side-stepped by the axis powers of Italy, Germany and Japan led to the start of the World War II in 1939. Hence, after the Second World War, there was the need to regulate and strengthened the peaceful co-existence amongst all nations of the world. In order to achieve this, the United Nations was formed in October, 1945 to enforce international law, security, economic development, social progress, and the human rights for all persons, thereby saving future generation from the carnage of war. It currently has 193 member countries that have signed and ratified its charter. The headquarters of the UN is situated in New York City, United States of America (United Nations, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations). Most UN deliberation about human rights, equality, liberty, and justice issues tend to be addressed primarily in a different set of UN bodies. The setting of the UN is structured in five (5) branches to suite all of its principles. The UN General Assembly which is the main decision making body of the organization upholds the principles of the organization through its policies and recommendations. It holds its annual session with all elected presidents of member countries. Then there is the Security Council which has five permanent members and ten non-permanent members. Its responsibility is to mediate and enforce peace during conflicts. The International Court of Justice is another branch of the United Nations which oversees the judicial matters of the organization. It has its offices located in The Hague, Netherlands. The Economic and Social Council is another arm of the UN that assists in promoting economic and social development as well as...

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